Say like you state in your introduction the following:

This part will examine the demographic reality and the cultural habits of X people in Y country.

In the body of your work, you elaborate with citations:

X people are characterized by a habit of doing A, B and C (Smith 2010, p. 1). They are a population of 100000 (Smith 2010, p. 2), whatever.

Is it required to backup the introduction statement with the same citations? isn't it just a general statement? In case where the 'general statement' (which supposedly doesn't need citations) was inspired by the actual cited study, shouldn't I back it up even if written in a general form?

My question was inspired from this.

  • If that's what you have, no. You're not mentioning any specific detail in the introduction that would attributable to another person/paper. The only person/paper you could cite for "Section A of my paper talks about topic B" is you/your paper :-) Commented Jun 20, 2016 at 0:52

1 Answer 1


Citations are only needed when you make a statement that requires external justification.

Thus, if you say: "This paper will examine X people in Y country" there is no need for external justification, since it is a statement about the paper itself.

When you say "X people in Y country are characterized by a habit of doing A, B and C", however, that's a statement that requires justification, either by external citation or by data presented in the paper.

You must log in to answer this question.

Not the answer you're looking for? Browse other questions tagged .