This may be a bit of hair-splitting, but maybe there is a proper way to do this: In my thesis I present an external application. I want to give a literature reference to the application and a reference to a screenshot. What comes first, the literature reference or the screenshot reference?

The SuperFramework [1] (cf. Figure 1.1) ...


The SuperFramework (cf. Figure 1.1) [1] ...

Figure 1.1 is the screenshot.

2 Answers 2


I don't think there's any way to stick a citation and figure reference right next to one another in a non-ugly way, so I cheat. When faced with a situation like this, I reorganize the sentence so that they are separated, e.g.:

The SuperFramework [1], for which a screenshot is shown in Figure 1.1, ...


If you have to go with either (and not with what jakebeal suggests), I would go with the first option:

The SuperFramework [1] (cf. Figure 1.1) ...

I'm afraid I don't have any reference for this, it's just my copy editor hat on.

  • I agree with this. Placing the citation after the figure reference might give some readers that the citation is the source for the figure rather than the framework. Jun 15, 2016 at 23:54
  • @Significance A source for a figure should be mentioned in the caption, not in the text.
    – yo'
    Jun 16, 2016 at 8:33

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