In other words, not the other styles (e.g. APA, Chicago, Oxford) that uses the author-date format but the plain (Australian?) Harvard style.

  • 1
    What does "used" mean? Where precisely? What is "Harvard style"? "APA/Chicago/Oxford" styles? I've written dozens of papers and never heard of these terms.
    – Dilworth
    Jun 8, 2016 at 18:28
  • @Dilworth Those are all well known, writing style guidelines.
    – Ric
    Jun 8, 2016 at 18:38
  • Certainly, it is not THAT well known... Indeed, these are not even writing styles, but referencing styles!
    – Dilworth
    Jun 8, 2016 at 18:57
  • 8
    @Dilworth Please don't be pedantic: the question is quite clearly tagged with "citation-style". Likewise, please remember that academia varies more than you may think.
    – jakebeal
    Jun 8, 2016 at 19:45
  • 5
    @Dilworth Playing devil's advocate, but someone who has no idea what "Harvard style" is wouldn't be able to answer the question or profit from its answers anyway... I don't go to numerical analysis questions on mathoverflow and complain I don't know the words that are used...
    – user9646
    Jun 9, 2016 at 12:49

1 Answer 1


From the examples at the University of the West of England:

Generally ibid. and op.cit. tend to be used more in the body text for the Harvard system, and more in the reference list for the numeric system, as you can see.

They also note:

There is no single authority that defines the 'Harvard' referencing style. Please seek guidance on the preferred scheme of referencing from your home institution or the journal in which your study will appear.

So I'm going to say yes, there is no reason as to why you couldn't use ibid with the Harvard citation style.

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