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I want to submit my article to a journal that states

Tables and figures should have captions and legends. Each of them should appear on a separate page at the end of the article.

Does this mean that every figure (I have 15) should be in jpg with captions below deleted?

  • Your best bet is to email the editor (or ask someone else who has submitted). – StrongBad May 23 '16 at 18:38
  • The ultimate reason for this may be historical inertia. Before computer publishing, the pages of a book or journal that contained figures would usually be prepared by a different process from the pages that contained only text. For "pictures" as compared with line diagrams, these pages may even have been printed by a different process from the text-only pages, and the sheets of paper were then assembled in the correct order by hand, to make the complete document. Inserting a small picture into a full page of text was the most complicated and expensive option, and therefore discouraged. – alephzero May 24 '16 at 0:42
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I have seen some journals that ask that you put figure captions all together on a single page separate from the figures themselves (an extremely annoying requirement both for reviewers and authors). But I doubt that is what your journal is asking you to do.

More common is just that you put each table and figure on a separate page. So the caption would appear below (or possibly above) the figure. Both the caption and figure would be on the same page. And that page would be at the end of the manuscript. This is standard in, for example, APA style. See this annotated sample manuscript.

So to answer your specific question the image file is commonly embedded in the document, and the image file would not include the caption. The caption would be standard text from latex, MS Word, etc. and only the figure component would be an image file.

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