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In recent years I have become aware of a few PhD programs specifically in combinatorics and optimization. Most notably, Georgia Tech and Carnegie Mellon both have PhD programs in Algorithms, Combinatorics, and Optimization, and the University of Waterloo has an entire department of Combinatorics and Optimization with a PhD program. (I'm not aware of any other such PhD programs, but please let me know if I've missed any.)

What are the advantages and disadvantages of getting a PhD in combinatorics rather than a PhD in mathematics, specifically career-wise. Really I'm asking if anyone who has completed a PhD in combinatorics has been disadvantaged from getting a faculty position in mathematics.

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    I agree with @hunter ; this being said, I think that pretty much everyone would agree that a phd in combinatorics is a phd in mathematics (provided the content of the thesis is really of mathematical nature). I'm actually suprised to hear that some universities would make a distinction. – Captain Lama Apr 27 '16 at 15:19
  • A PhD in mathematics is very general, that's what you say to the layman who is asking "what have you done?" Everybody who has done a PhD in mathematics, really has done research in a very particular field of mathematics as the discipline is so vast. You would only go into that detail if the person asking as kind of math savvy? That said, I could see a PhD in combinatorics (again you would have to narrow it down within this field!) have its usage in IT – imranfat Apr 27 '16 at 15:23
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    This is a good question. As the OP indicates, this "specialized PhD program" is extant but seems quite rare. I would be interested to know the philosophy behind it. I should say that I doubt there is any real advantage here: in mathematics people categorize people by their advisor and their department, not the name of the degree. I would expect most employers not to notice this. – Pete L. Clark Apr 27 '16 at 15:52
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I don't know about combinatorics in particular, but I did get a PhD from one of Carnegie Mellon's other interdisciplinary programs (Pure and Applied Logic); I was offered the choice of whether my PhD would officially be in the program name or in "Mathematical Sciences", and was advised to choose the latter.

If you're PhD is in something other than "Mathematics" or an obvious synonym, and you want to get hired as mathematics faculty, there are two concerns that might come up:

  1. Do you know enough math, broadly speaking, to be a good colleague (for instance, be out outside member on thesis committees, to talk to people, and so on)?

  2. Can you teach introductory courses?

I do know of people with degrees called "Logic" where these concerns were raised about hiring them. In the cases I know, someone was around to address those concerns, but it might be a disadvantage in departments where no one in the faculty was familiar enough with the program to address them. (On the other hand, places where no one is familiar with your program aren't as likely to hire you anyway.)

With a degree in something as clearly mathematical as combinatorics, I think the first concern is unlikely to be an issue. The latter might be, especially if those programs don't necessarily include any TA-ing/teaching of intro calculus courses, but this is also a concern that can be preempted (for instance, by making sure to pursue enough teaching experience as a grad student).

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