There are many journals from different fields feature the word review in their name even though they are mostly featuring research articles – and not review articles, book reviews or similar. Some do not even accept review articles at all. Some examples are the Physical Review series, Geographical Review, Drug and Alcohol Review, Victorian Periodicals Review, and The Linguistic Review.
The only thing in this journal that is somehow connected to review is the peer-review and the consequential revision of the articles, but if this feature were eponymous, I would expect names like Physical Reviewed.
The very sparse information about the history of these journals reveiled nothing about the motivation for naming them such, and neither did dictionaries. For example, from Merriam–Webster’s definitions of review:
3 : a general survey (as of the events of a period)
4 : an act or the process of reviewing
6 a : a critical evaluation (as of a book or play)
b : a magazine devoted chiefly to reviews and essays
7 a : a retrospective view or survey (as of one's life)
b (1) : renewed study of material previously studied (2) : an exercise facilitating such study
None of these fits the aforementioned journals. They aren’t surveys, evaluations, devoted to reviews and essays, retrospective or renewed studies, nor do they contain them.
Why are these journals called review?