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I have had some discussions with a director of mathematics at a local 4-year college, and he has verbally offered me a teaching role. We've gotten closer, and he has sold it pretty aggressively to me.

My guess is that, without my having a PhD, I would probably help teach anything from pre-calculus up to linear algebra, and probably even real analysis - I've seen some PhD students at this college teach analysis, which is perhaps a warning sign that the infrastructure of this department is perhaps not so good. A quick check at the faculty directory lists a great deal of adjunct faculty. I would likely be added to this list.

So, my question is: is it unheard of to get "tenured" without a PhD? To be specific, I wouldn't mind teaching at this college for the rest of my life; I love math, I get along with this professor, and I get to live in a big city that I plan to grow old in. Do I have any real shot at getting a salary, plus benefits?

Note that I will likely have at most my Master's degree in math -- from a top-ranked school. I know that I will eventually ask these serious questions to him directly, but I would love some general knowledge from this community in advance.

Thanks,

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    I don't understand how a "local 4-year college" could have PhD students. Could you clarify? – Pete L. Clark Dec 13 '15 at 7:55
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    I will likely have at most my Master's degree in math Do you already have masters degree in Math? – scaaahu Dec 13 '15 at 8:15
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    @PeteL.Clark: I'm pretty sure he means PhD students at other universities teach analysis at this college. – Alexander Woo Dec 13 '15 at 8:44
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    This question needs clarification on the type of position being offered. Adjunct? Full-time? Tenure track? – Daniel R. Collins Dec 13 '15 at 17:18
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In my experience, very few 4-year ("university") institutions in the United States still offer tenured positions to faculty without terminal degrees in their field (except in very unusual circumstances). In mathematics, the terminal degree is a PhD, and you will find that virtually all schools require a PhD in their job advertisements for tenure-track faculty. Sometimes an EdD is acceptable or even desired for teacher-preparation positions.

So, if you want to go into university teaching with only a master's you need to be aware first and foremost that you are not on the "usual track".

History

In the past, it was not uncommon for non-research-intensive institutions, such as regional comprehensive universities, to hire permanent faculty with a master's degree and give them tenure. This was partially due to a focus on teaching, rather than research, and partially due to difficulty attracting candidates to more remote, rural locations where these institutions are often located. Some institutions still have older professors who were tenured under this system, perhaps hired in the 1970s.

The historical factors are no longer as pressing. Even at non-research-intensive schools, there is more pressure for research than in the past. And there are so many new PhD graduates each year that the job market for tenure-track jobs is already saturated with them, even at non-prestigious schools. Institutions also have some pressure from accreditors to have courses taught by faculty with terminal degrees.

Options for master's degree holders

There are still two realistic options for finding mathematics faculty positions with only a master's degree:

  • Some institutions, particularly larger ones, hire a number of full-time "instructors". These positions are usually not tenured, but they are often full-time (w/ benefits) and on renewable contracts.

  • Community-college still often hire faculty with master's degrees, in my experience. These institutions often have their own version of "tenure" (which may go by another name).

To maximize your chance of getting a position at these institutions, you need to focus on building a strong vita in teaching. Community colleges, in particular, are often looking for a very different skill set than 4-year universities.

There are also part-time ("adjunct") jobs, where you are paid by the course. These typically don't have benefits, often do have lower salary, and according to many accounts they are a very difficult way to make a living.

Things to consider

In the job market, you have to watch out for yourself and be your own advocate. The director mentioned in the question may genuinely believe he is offering you a good position, but he probably has other pressures as well, such as finding instructors for all the courses. So be careful to do your own research into the department. If the department has faculty without a PhD teaching real analysis, that is not a deal-breaker, but it is a red flag that needs to be investigated.

You always need to pay close attention to the salary and job security in these positions, which vary greatly between institutions. For example, some institutions have strong unions, which lead to job security that is comparable to tenure. Others have essentially no job security. Salary also varies widely (it won't ever be extremely high, but it could moderate or extremely low). Beyond your starting salary and benefits, you also want to investigate whether the institution has a regular policy for raises for non-tenure-track faculty, if you are planning to keep the job for a while.

If you are also considering PhD studies, you should be aware that teaching for several years with a master's is not likely to help your odds for admission to a PhD program later. The job options for a PhD are also very different, which is not to say that they are always better. So you should take time to decide what track is best for you, before making a commitment to either one.

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If the offer is a full-time position, then yes, you can count on benefits including retirement, health, and dental, that's a given. If it's part-time, it's unlikely.

You could get tenure, but you would need to be hired into a tenure-line position which are less and less common these days and, excepting fields lacking terminal PhDs, you would almost certainly need a PhD. Math would not be one of these (but art, for instance, would).

In full-time lecturer/instructor positions, you can get multiyear contracts, especially after a few years, but that will be highly dependent on individual policies (and some schools may in fact offer tenure to non-PhDs, I'm just not personally aware of it). At my institution, you get promotion: lecturer (one year contracts) to senior lecturer (three year contracts) to distinguished lecturer (never known anyone to get it).

As an part-time adjunct, you are generally hired on an as-needed basis each semester, and depending on enrollment numbers, your courses may be cancelled with little warning shortly prior to the start of the semester, so income can't be well guaranteed.

If this guy wants you, just ask him the questions (or take a look at policies which ought to be on the website of the college).

  • @DanielRCollins edited. But note that CCs can offer bachelors: m.sfgate.com/bayarea/article/… I guess I'm just used to associating the word college with CC (probably moreso now because of some negotiations going on between my university and the college next door), unless in the case of liberal arts which I figured he'd've mentioned in such case. – user0721090601 Dec 13 '15 at 17:37
  • Upvoted and removed my prior comment. – Daniel R. Collins Dec 13 '15 at 19:00
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Do I have any real shot at getting a salary, plus benefits?

Possibly, if you get them immediately. Since the director you mention seems to really want to hire you, I would certainly try to negotiate for this. You guess that you would be adjunct faculty, but it's kind of strange to try to guess. You should ask for details about the position for which you're being recruited, including benefits and approximate pay.

I would certainly not accept a job offer, even verbally, without knowing how much I would be paid and what the benefits were. I would also not accept employment there if the starting pay and benefits were terrible; unfortunately, they're likely to modestly improve with time, at best.

If the compensation offered ends up meeting your expectations, then congratulations!

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