I'm interested in quantitative understanding of where new scientific theories come from, and the process by which they grow/develop/become established. This is intended as mainly a sociological/practical question (what sequence of events leads to a new theory, and how can this be helped along) rather than as a philosophical or epistemological question.
It seems like one of the qualitative landmark works in that area is Thomas Kuhn's "The Structure of Scientific Revolutions". Kuhn describes a sequence of finding anomalies, a crisis, and then (sometimes) a scientific revolution.
In contrast to qualitative inquiry, what quantitative research has been done in this field? Are there any particularly important articles/books that propose a quantitative model?