It's my understanding that APA discourages repeating the same data in different tables; i.e., if you find yourself doing that, then maybe you need a table that combines the data in a different way.
However, what about repeating exactly the same table (or figure) in different chapters of a dissertation?
From a reader perspective, it's easier to see the table or figure on the same page where it is discussed vs. seeing a cross-reference and flipping back and forth.
And, if you do repeat a table or figure, then it's also better for readers if the caption of the duplicate item indicates that it is a duplicate (otherwise in the table of contents there appears to be a mistake).
The following may be relevant to those who want to answer my question.
- I am editing someone else's dissertation.
- The student has successfully defended.
- This is the final edit before publication.
- The university standards do not cover this situation.