In my field (biophysics), I know of a few grants that can be received as a postdoc, which provide funding both as a postdoc and as a new faculty member. One example is the NIH K99 "Pathway to Independence" award; another is the Burroughs Wellcome Career Award. These can act as hiring incentives, and in some biology fields, the K99 is seen as a near-guarantee of finding a faculty position.
Are there similar grants for other fields, or is this a quirk of the bio-adjacent world? How are these sorts of grants viewed in other fields?
EDITED TO ADD: To my knowledge, there is no such grant for the NSF (the most obvious source). A few ones I hadn't mentioned are listed here, but they are all biomedical: Ohio State .