Globally considering, in many (or maybe all) developing countries professors/lecturers in universities only take mid-term and final few-hour-exams to evaluate students' learning. In some (or maybe all) developed countries they evaluate students by some combination of three types of factors:
- written assignments, i.e. student have to do their research on the subject and gather the information,
- verbal assignments, i.e. like written assignment but presenting them as a seminar or the like to the class,
- (small percentage of mark for) few-hour-exams.
My questions are:
- Each of the evaluation methods has its own pros and cons: Not all students can show that they have learned enough just in a few hours exam especially due to anxiety; and not all students do their assignment by themselves. Why do developed countries consider written assignments as a big percentage of marks that a student can get?
- Are there universities follow the method of only written and verbal assignments and don't take exams at all, and those universities are high ranked and their degree despite their poor method of evaluation have a high validity? Which universities?
Note that this question are just purely about Science and Mathematics degrees on BSc and (especially) MSc levels.