Suppose I want to apply to PhD programs at a university outside of the US and Europe.
How do I know if most universities there follow what the US is doing or what Europe is doing?
Elaboration: How do I know if most schools in the country/state want students to first apply to schools before choosing an doctoral advisor (like in the US) or to first contact the faculty members of a particular schools looking for a doctoral advisor before applying to said schools (like in Europe)?
Example: The UK mostly follows Europe. I heard Hong Kong and Japan follow the US.