Does anybody know what the ratio between subscription fees and the real article processing charges (so actual administrative costs) is? So in other words, how much money is made out of the subscription fees.

  • I guess you are asking about the profit margins? You should be able to find this in publishers' annual reports. Here is one from Elsevier, for instance: reedelsevier.com/investorcentre/reports%202007/Documents/2013/…
    – Kimball
    Apr 6, 2015 at 16:06
  • 1
    It is also possible that a publisher of many journals might make big profits on a small number of journals, and use that money to help subsidize all the others.
    – GEdgar
    Apr 6, 2015 at 16:36

1 Answer 1


This will vary wildly by journal, and may be extremely difficult to even meaningfully define, given that many journals are "bundled" together in confidential and institution-specific contracts. What is clear, however, is that:

  1. Large for-profit publishers are very concerned with keeping their de facto subscription costs difficult to determine, and have quite high profit margins, and
  2. The potential profit from open access subscription fees has drawn large numbers of predatory publishers to the field, and
  3. Society publishers are often able to sustain journal publications with quite minimal costs, especially online-only journals.

You may draw your own conclusions from this: my conclusion is that a lot of money is made from subscription fees.

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