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I have been working on a particular topic for some years and I have 6-7 publications on different aspects of the same topic.

My supervisor wants me to write a summary journal paper that would incorporate the work of all these publications. Indeed, such a publication would highlight the contributions of the work and make it easier for an interested reader to be guided through my work. Yet, I am wondering that if such a publication would be ethical, considering that would be no extra unpublished content.

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    Does your supervisor want just a summary of your earlier work, or would you also describe other people's work to produce a broader overview of the subject? There's nothing wrong with the former (as long as you don't give a false impression that your work is the entire field), but the latter would be more useful for the community. – Andreas Blass Nov 16 '14 at 22:31
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What you are describing is one form of review article. Although review articles more typically describe a more general state of the art on a problem, they can also be used to tie together and summarize a collection of linked papers into one coherent entry point.

Doing this well will require creating quite a lot of new content---it just won't be new technical results. Rather, the content created in such a paper is the distillation of a much larger body of work into a single coherent picture. This can be quite valuable for readers, because trying to reconstruct the picture of a body of work that is evolving over time and scattered across papers can be painful and difficult; additional detail about particular points can then be obtained by following the citations to the source articles. Note also that if you write this article well there will be little risk of self-plagiarism, because you'll need to rewrite everything pretty much from scratch to fit into the new and more compressed arrangement of ideas.

So, in summary: it's not only ethical, it is legitimate new work and can be highly valuable, just so long as you make the nature of the article extremely clear and include all of the relevant citations.

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If you cite the earlier papers and the specific contribution of this summary paper is clearly stated (so that it is not implied that it contributes new research), there's nothing unethical about this.

Furthermore, you're adding value with this new paper, not just trying to rack up publications without added value.

Dishonesty is unethical. If you are truthful in your claims of novelty and contribution, there's nothing dishonest about this.

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