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Some publishers like Springer appear variously with different addresses. Sometimes (in the case of Springer) it's "Berlin, Heidelberg", sometimes it's "Heidelberg, New York", or even "Berlin, Heidelberg, New York, London, Paris, Tokyo".

Should I, eg. in a thesis, just settle for one address per publisher and stick to it, or is there a different correct address for each publication?

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    None of the above, unless the volume in question is decades old. Modern Springer volumes do not have different editions from different addresses. (However, if the volume has an edition number, you must report it.) – JeffE Jul 11 '14 at 13:59
  • I'd never thought of publishing locations and different versions of a book published in different places. I always thought that the address was to allow the reader to find the publisher and ask them for a copy of the cited work a long time from now. Nowadays, that's probably unnecessary, but it still looks odd to cite the same journal and publisher with different addresses. That is why I'm asking. – Johannes Bauer Jul 14 '14 at 8:09
  • @JeffE Some citation formats still complain if you don't include a publisher address, though, so it can be useful to include one just to silence those annoying warnings. – JAB Feb 17 '18 at 6:11
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It's better to put what is on the copyright page of the book in question. If you don't have it, then you may have to punt, but wherever you can use the full reference, you should.

Edited to add: The goal in a citation is to allow your reader to find the exact work that you used, so you need to be as precise as you can. If there are different editions, etc, they may have different publication locations, so make sure you described the physical volume you have precisely. If you don't have the physical version, then be sure to give your reader 50 years from now the ability, as best you can, to track it down.

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    I cite very few books---most of what I cite are journal articles I get online. Unfortunately, journals' websites aren't always very consistent with the bibliographic information they give you for papers. – Johannes Bauer Jul 14 '14 at 8:07
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It depends on what style guide you are working with. In MLA, for example, you use only the first city listed on the title page. If no city is listed there, then you look at the copyright page. Other style guides may vary, so check with a handbook for your specific style guide.

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