Some publishers like Springer appear variously with different addresses. Sometimes (in the case of Springer) it's "Berlin, Heidelberg", sometimes it's "Heidelberg, New York", or even "Berlin, Heidelberg, New York, London, Paris, Tokyo".

Should I, eg. in a thesis, just settle for one address per publisher and stick to it, or is there a different correct address for each publication?

  • 2
    None of the above, unless the volume in question is decades old. Modern Springer volumes do not have different editions from different addresses. (However, if the volume has an edition number, you must report it.)
    – JeffE
    Commented Jul 11, 2014 at 13:59
  • I'd never thought of publishing locations and different versions of a book published in different places. I always thought that the address was to allow the reader to find the publisher and ask them for a copy of the cited work a long time from now. Nowadays, that's probably unnecessary, but it still looks odd to cite the same journal and publisher with different addresses. That is why I'm asking. Commented Jul 14, 2014 at 8:09
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    @JeffE Some citation formats still complain if you don't include a publisher address, though, so it can be useful to include one just to silence those annoying warnings.
    – JAB
    Commented Feb 17, 2018 at 6:11

3 Answers 3


It's better to put what is on the copyright page of the book in question. If you don't have it, then you may have to punt, but wherever you can use the full reference, you should.

Edited to add: The goal in a citation is to allow your reader to find the exact work that you used, so you need to be as precise as you can. If there are different editions, etc, they may have different publication locations, so make sure you described the physical volume you have precisely. If you don't have the physical version, then be sure to give your reader 50 years from now the ability, as best you can, to track it down.

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    I cite very few books---most of what I cite are journal articles I get online. Unfortunately, journals' websites aren't always very consistent with the bibliographic information they give you for papers. Commented Jul 14, 2014 at 8:07

It depends on what style guide you are working with. In MLA, for example, you use only the first city listed on the title page. If no city is listed there, then you look at the copyright page. Other style guides may vary, so check with a handbook for your specific style guide.


As pcsnyder noted, this depends on which style guide you are using. True, in the case of a thesis or a dissertation, the style manual of the institution1 is rarely detailed enough to specify a particular citation style, so candidates normally default to the standards of their field.2

1The University or whatever is the relevant subdivision of it. In the US, the relevant authority within a university is often something called the 'Graduate School' or the 'School of Graduate Studies'.
2In fact, at least in the US, the style guides of many graduate schools explicitly say that this is what should be done. Just make sure your Thesis/Dissertation Committee, in particular the Chair of it (who is probably also your thesis/dissertation advisor), is OK with your choice.

The MLA style was covered by pcsnyder, above.

Another major style is the Chicago Manual of Style (CMOS). Students and researchers often use the Turabian style, which is nowadays identical to CMOS (see here and here). In its 17th edition (which is the most recent, as of 2020), CMOS says this:

14: Notes and Bibliography

14.129: Place of publication—city

The place to be included is the one that usually appears on the title page but sometimes on the copyright page of the book cited—the city where the publisher’s main editorial offices are located. Where two or more cities are given (“Chicago and London,” for example, appears on the title page of the print edition of this manual), only the first is normally included in the citation.

Oakland: University of California Press
Los Angeles: Getty Publications
New York: Macmillan
New York: Oxford University Press
Oxford: Clarendon Press

14.130: When to specify state, province, or country of publication

If the city of publication may be unknown to readers or may be confused with another city of the same name, the abbreviation of the state, province, or (sometimes) country is usually added. Washington is traditionally followed by DC, but other major cities, such as Los Angeles and Baltimore, need no state abbreviation. (For countries not easily abbreviated, spell out the name.) Chicago’s preference is for the two-letter postal codes (IL, MA, etc.), but some publishers prefer the conventional state abbreviations (Ill., Mass., etc.). See 10.4, 10.27. For Canadian provinces and territories, see 10.28.

Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press
Cambridge, MA: MIT Press
Cheshire, CT: Graphics Press
Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice Hall
Harmondsworth, UK: Penguin Books
Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press
New Haven, CT: Yale University Press
Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press
Reading, MA: Perseus Books
Washington, DC: Smithsonian Institution Press
Waterloo, ON: Wilfrid Laurier University Press
Cambridge: Cambridge University Press

When the publisher’s name includes the state name, the abbreviation is not needed.

Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press

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