I am a Mathematics PhD student currently in 3 rd year. I have a funding of 5 years. But being in 3 rd year also I haven't started working on a problem yet. Whenever I ask my supervisor he always says there is still a lot of time or sometimes ask about 6 th year or something. I had very little interaction with my supervisor as he is very busy and we only meet mostly twice in a month for maximum 1 hour or less. I can see now all my peers have some preprint whereas I haven't started anything yet. Sometimes I get demotivated and cry for the whole day knowing that is not a solution. Do anyone have any suggestion regarding how to progress? I am now trying to find some small problems but that also is taking a lot of time.

  • 1
    How experienced is your supervisor? Has he had a lot of students? Is he an active in publishing papers?
    – Buffy
    Commented Mar 12 at 17:55
  • 2
    Also, what country is this? Not having a problem in the 3rd year in the US wouldn't be very unusual.
    – Buffy
    Commented Mar 12 at 17:56
  • It's in US. And my supervisor is moderately active. I mean he had students earlier.
    – Mayank
    Commented Mar 12 at 18:11
  • 1
    Have you passed all required qualifying exams?
    – Buffy
    Commented Mar 12 at 18:12
  • And he has some teaching academic commitments which I am not sure about also family commitments may be. He is moderately active but it seems he expects the student will do everything as he can invest a very little amount of time.
    – Mayank
    Commented Mar 12 at 18:13

3 Answers 3


My experience is that it is possible to do a dissertation in a year once you have a suitable problem. Everyone's experience is different, of course. But suitable problems in math are hard to come up with. Especially for novice researchers, but even for experienced people.

My experience, also, is that you might spend a lot of time on problems that aren't suitable or even feasible. It is a three bears problem. I had one problem that was "too easy" and I could generate a theorem just about daily. It wasn't sufficiently deep for a dissertation. The next problem was "too hard" and I couldn't crack it at all after a month of trying. The third problem was just right and led to a fairly significant thesis.

It isn't "time" that your advisor needs to give you, at this stage. It is ideas for things to try. If you aren't getting that, then he isn't doing his job properly. Coming up with the insight to know what might be true is a very difficult thing to do in math. It comes with experience that you don't yet have, I suspect. The same is true of many (most?) doctoral students in math. I know I didn't at that time.

If he is giving you papers to read in your (and his) field then he is on the right path. Look for holes. Look for extensions. Look for parallel development possibilities. He should be passing you unfinished and unfocused ideas that are, to him, "worth looking in to". If that is happening then you are probably ok, as long as you follow up. But if he is without ideas to share then it is very difficult, maybe impossible. Maybe you can even ask other professors in the field for ideas.

Some places have seminars for professors and doctoral students in some subfield. They meet regularly and toss ideas around. Some, not all, of those ideas are worth a good look.

One idea for examining existing papers. Take a paper that you understand and that has some significance. Compare the results (and methods) in that paper with the results and methods of those papers that it cites. What is the nature/essence of the extension in the new paper. There was something "missing" from the earlier papers. What is it, exactly. What insight did the author gain from the older papers that led to the problem solved in the new one.

  • Thanks. Yes he is giving me papers to read but he is not giving any ideas or what to do after that. Sometimes if I can't figure out some details in the paper then also it remains unresolved as he expects you to finish it. Sometime I try to ask him whether it can extended like this way but he is mostly like think about these later first focus on understanding this paper.
    – Mayank
    Commented Mar 12 at 19:17
  • But now as I spent 3 years already I am also bit restless now. I want to find some problem now as I don't now how long it will take to solve it.
    – Mayank
    Commented Mar 12 at 19:19

Just for some context, my PhD dissertation result was mostly discovered and written in about 6-8 months towards the end (the memories are now a little fuzzy). I don't know how typical that is though. The problem naturally grew out of a class assignment. I came up with the specific question myself though simply because I wanted to know the answer. I wouldn't call it a great result, but it was sufficient.

I find coming up with questions easy and natural, but it's determining which can be suitable for reasonable progress that is difficult. I tend to work on things that are too hard for me, and I advise being very wary of falling into that trap. That's where input from an advisor would hopefully serve as guidance.

My gut reaction is that having 2 years of funding left without even an idea of a project is cutting it close. Do you have an area or general subfield to work in?

I'd have an honest and direct conversation with your advisor about this. You may need more careful guidance on how to find a suitable problem where progress can be made.

With the right project you do have plenty of time left. But having a doable project is a key and uncertain part.

If you are doing well and making progress during the 5th year, making a case to stay for another year may be possible. In my experience, getting a teaching assignment for a year is fairly easy unless they think you have no chance of finishing. But that will vary according to time and place. Don't quote me on that as you'll want insight from those with current experience in US math grad programs. Ask your advisor explicitly and directly about what it generally takes to get an additional year.

  • I would say that your experience seems extremely atypical, to the point that I believe your supervisor was guilty of dereliction of duty at the very least, and neglect at the very worst. I was given my PhD problem about 2 months before I officially started (I did my masters under the same supervisor), and worked on it for almost 3 years. I was told to focus on that problem until it was done.
    – anonymousx
    Commented Mar 14 at 19:34
  • @anonymousx let me clarify that I was working on the problem much longer but only figured it out and wrote it up in the 6 month timeframe.
    – jdods
    Commented Mar 15 at 3:12
  • I haven't started the problem yet. Even I don't know when I will get a problem. Whenever I ask him he seems to ask me to read papers only. I don't know . Should I try to find small problems on my own? But I don't know whether my supervisor will allow that also in PhD thesis. But I feel hopeless as I didn't start any problem.
    – Mayank
    Commented Mar 17 at 5:46
  • @Mayank try being very direct and explicit with your advisor. Bring papers you've read and ask directly of there are possible extensions to anything in those papers to explore. Have you not seen any results in those papers which state some requirement? Can you try to find a situation where the result applies but the requirement isn't satisfied?
    – jdods
    Commented Mar 17 at 14:00
  • Ok I try to be direct. Ok yes I can try this.
    – Mayank
    Commented Mar 17 at 15:18

Your situation sucks, I know. My PhD supervisor was a big shot that just didn't talk to me. In fact, he derailed me more than helped, all in all. Here are some points you should consider.

  1. Talk to the guy. I mean, really sit down and confront him. Tell him the situation is untenable and that you are really lost. I never did this with my supervisor, and I wish I had done it. At the very least he has to know what is going on.

  2. Find other people to work with. It can be tricky to approach other professors because of politics, but postdocs should be easier to approach.

  3. I had an area (like number theory, functional analysis, etc.) but not a specific topic/subject. It seems you have one, so at least you are more focused than I was. You may end up just having to come up with your problem yourself, like I did, and do all the work. As someone else said, once this happens, it goes really fast. My PhD only progressed once I realized my supervisor didn't care and wouldn't help, and decided to stop talking to him altogether and just do everything myself.

  4. The world has changed a lot in the past 10 years. Now I'm a professor and I would be reprimanded if I treated a student like I was treated. You are in the US, so it should be easier for you to change supervisors; consider doing it, as soon as possible. Give it a deadline. Find out who you can talk to about what is going on. What is not okay is for you to be crying alone because of the situation.

  5. Think, really think whether you want to have a PhD in math. Is it really worth it? I didn't even consider quitting at the time, but I should have. It is actually nothing special. If it makes you miserable, you can quit. There is nothing wrong with it, no shame. Heck, you may end up better off!

How my story ended: at some point, I was desperate since I was not doing anything (like you). I chose a problem left over from my master's and figured out some stuff for it. It was decent, but nothing groundbreaking. I was fun to work on it and write it down. I showed it to my supervisor, and he basically told me to not bother him with trivial stuff like that anymore.

Then I spiraled into depression. I disappeared for 2 weeks (great decision) and just stopped thinking about math. I decided to stop talking to my supervisor. Next thing I know, during a seminar from one of the postdocs, I had an idea of applying some method that was discussed to an old problem I knew, and it worked. In a matter of 2 months I had collaborated with this postdoc and had all the main results of my thesis. It was really fast. But, I can't help but feel I was also very lucky.

  • Thanks for sharing your story. I want to make a few points here. I am now in 3 rd year and I am an international student, I thought of changing the supervisor but it is not possible it seems. I told him that I am lost he said you have enough time which I didn't have.
    – Mayank
    Commented Mar 17 at 10:50
  • Then the next point is postdoc that I tried. My supervisor said he wants something new in the thesis and not with others I have to do it on my own. Lastly yes I can maximum sustain for a year more it seems if I am unable to find problems I have to quit. Being an international student it's tough to do as I am supporting my family also but I don't know if I don't find anything things would be miserable.
    – Mayank
    Commented Mar 17 at 10:52
  • And yes my supervisor also told me to not bother him with trivial stuffs. Infact if I have any doubts in the paper I am reading he says you have to figure it out. Sometimes I feel it's tough staying like this I ask in math forums or other people sometimes. But if i don't figure out then I don't know what to do.
    – Mayank
    Commented Mar 17 at 11:00
  • @Mayank, can you tell us your subject? Anyway, you can also quit quietly. Stop working on your phd and take your time to look for a job or something else. Prepare your way out and when you're done, quit.
    – fmath
    Commented Mar 17 at 11:23
  • Subject is dynamical systems ergodic theory.
    – Mayank
    Commented Mar 17 at 11:42

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