In a dissertation, I noticed a mistake in referencing. In such a way that the material related to reference number 17 was mistakenly attributed to reference number 18 and it seems like a typo error. I wanted to know if this is an example of scientific misconduct? Two references are mentioned in the reference list and it seems to be a typographical error. This thesis has been defended and published.
The presence of "revisions" and "corrections" for dissertations alone logically suggests that errors are an expected part of the process.
I'd regard this as so minor that if the dissertation has already been published, it wouldn't even require a correction, unless corrections are simple to achieve. A small amount of critical thinking will get the reader to the right reference, the authors of those ideas have been given credit in the piece, and that this is probably sufficient. This is, in the grand scheme of things, no worse than a confusingly phrased paragraph.
Academic misconduct requires some evidence of intent or negligence, I'd argue.