I am trying to search Google Scholar for articles based on title, but where I may have only an approximate title. Usually what I have is very close, but may vary slightly in punctuation (hyphenation or not, different unicode representation of apostrophe, etc.) or may have or be missing a few extra words at the start or end of the title.

When I use intitle:"Sample Title Goes Here" it will only match exact matches. I think when I do intitle:Sample Title Goes Here the intitle qualifier only applies to the first word. When I try intitle:Sample intitle:Title intitle:Goes intitle:Here it only matches if all these words are in the title (so if I have a spurious word in my search string, it fails. (I've also noted some very strange behavior if I put a space between intitle: and my query.)

What is the best way to do what I'm trying to do?

1 Answer 1


you could:

  • use the Google scholar Advanced Search, with all your keywords in the “with at least one of the words” field, and selecting “in the title of the article”;
  • use intitle: in the normal search, combined with OR in between each of your keywords (for example: intitle:brain OR intelligence OR memory)

If you're not sure of the spelling of one of the keywords, I suggest writing all the possible spellings you can think of.

For more information on google scholar advanced search: https://library.acg.edu/how-to-guides/google-scholar/advanced-searching (it confirms that there shouldn't be a space between intitle: and your first keyword.

  • does OR prefer matches with as many hits as possible? It didn't seem to in my tests. And would I need intitle: before each of the OR terms? Nov 1, 2023 at 13:48
  • 1. I'm not sure about the number of matches, but you can sort either by relevance or date in the left panel. 2. It doesn't seem that you need intitle: before each term; just once at the start as in my example above.
    – user126108
    Nov 1, 2023 at 13:51

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