Are there studies of "bad academic practices" in general, and documenting in particular whether or not the prevalence of such practices increases in institutions or communities with an increased pressure to academics to publish (either by adding money incentives to publish, or by creating job instability threats for those who "do not publish enough")?
Such a study would be considering (at least) the following list of unethical behaviors:
- Student exploitation
- publishing student's results without mentioning their participation, or (milder)
- taking students and benefiting from their work (adding one's name to their publications) without having them benefit from your own work (i.e. without working on their publication).
- Faking Results
- altering the results in order to make them publishable.
- Copying results from other authors without properly acknowledging them (pretending to ignore such results)
- Minimal Publishable Result
- Intentionally dividing a general result in as many as possible smaller results, in order to increase one's number of publications
- Refusing to merge two highly related/complementary results (each presented at a distinct conference) by the same authors into a single journal article
- Complexifying of Results
- "The result is quite simple, but you need to make it look complicated in order to get it published"
- Duplicating one own's proofs or results without citing it.
- Threatening a colleague into avoiding some research topic
- "Add my name to n of your publications and I will add your name to n of my publications"
- Publish in disreputable publication venues
For some of those (e.g. collusion), I have some ideas about how to approximate a measure of their prevalence in a given community. For some others, I am curious about what an online survey of academic's anonymous reporting would reveal. I could not find such work, when it seems something which could be useful to the academic community, and in particular to inform decisions such as to give monetary incentives to publish to faculty members.