In general, this would depend on the style prescribed by your publisher (journal, conference, etc.) For instance, a blog post cites the Chicago style manual explains how one should go about sources in Chinese and Japanese:
10.108: Inclusion of original characters
Chinese and Japanese characters, immediately following the romanized version of the item they represent, are sometimes necessary to help readers identify references cited or terms used. They are largely confined to bibliographies and glossaries. Where needed in running text, they may be enclosed in parentheses. Computer technology has made it much easier than it used to be to typeset words in non-Latin alphabets.
Hua Linfu 華林甫, “Qingdai yilai Sanxia diqu shuihan zaihai de chubu yanjiu” 清代以來三峽地區水旱災害的初步硏究 [A preliminary study of floods and droughts in the Three Gorges region since the Qing dynasty], Zhongguo shehui kexue 中國社會科學 1 (1999): 168–79 . . .
Harry Harootunian and Sakai Naoki, “Nihon kenkyū to bunka kenkyū” 日本研究と文化研究, Shisō 思想 7 (July 1997): 4–53.
That year the first assembly of the national Diet was held and the Imperial Rescript on Education (kyōiku chokugo 敎育勅語) issued.
11.89: Titles of Japanese and Chinese works Chapter Contents / Languages Usually Transliterated (or Romanized) / Chinese and Japanese
As in English, titles of books and periodicals are italicized, and
titles of articles are set in roman and enclosed in quotation marks
(see 8.156–201). The first word of a romanized title is always
capitalized, as are many proper nouns (especially in Japanese).
Chen Shiqi, Mingdai guan shougongye de yanjiu [Studies on
government-operated handicrafts during the Ming dynasty], . . .
Hua Linfu, “Qingdai yilai Sanxia diqu shuihan zaihai de chubu yanjiu” [A
preliminary study of floods and droughts in the Three Gorges region
since the Qing dynasty], Zhongguo shehui kexue 1 (1999): 168–79.
Okamoto Yoshitomo, Jūrokuseiki Nichi-Ō kōtsūshi no kenkyū [Study of
the intercourse between Japan and Europe during the sixteenth
century], . . .
Akiyama Kenzō, “Goresu wa Ryūkyūjin de aru” [The Gores
are Ryūkyūans], Shigaku-Zasshi (or Shigaku Zasshi) . . .
In summary, in Chicago style the format for article title is: transliterated/Romanized version (in double quotes), original script version, and English translation (in square brackets). The format for Hua author names and journal titles is: transliterated/Romanized version followed by original script version, with no English translation.
Harvard style and reference guide requires a translation, followed by the original name:
Milani, F. (2001) The Phantom of the Opera. [Le Fantome De L’Opera] Paris, LeRoux.
In APA Style, the order is reversed: translation goes last, transliteration goes first, and the original script is not used:
Motoki, S. (Producer), & Kurosawa, A. (Director). (1954). Shichinin no samurai [Seven samurai; motion picture]. Japan: Toho.