I have a new number theory formula. I am a software engineer, but I am interested in number theory. I do not have an endorsement on arXiv, so I am left with two popular choices, OSF and preprints.org. Which one is safe, so my formula will not get stolen?

  • Did you get feedback from a colleague more specialized in number theory? Be aware that publishing INCORRECT results on an ARCHIVING website will result in a permanent stain associated to your name, coming out each time someone is searching for your list of publications. I think you should be more afraid of publishing PERMANENTLY something incorrect than of your formula to be "stolen"...
    – J..y B..y
    Aug 29, 2022 at 11:30
  • Yes and no, it is really simple algebraic formula I searched for it for days I didn't find something like it even on Wikipedia. I verified multiple time with online math solver like symbolab it got it correct. I verified with calculator and it is correct. I think from your comment the safe archive for me is preprints.org when it got reviewed by editor? Aug 29, 2022 at 11:49
  • 2
    What do you mean by "stolen"?
    – Buffy
    Aug 29, 2022 at 11:53
  • I found this in researchgate.com where they discuss stealing preprints ideas, researchgate.net/post/What_is_preprints_on_research_gate Aug 29, 2022 at 11:58
  • 1
    Independently discovering something certainly isn't "stealing". It happens all the time. The backpropagation algorithm is great example of that. Good job nobody published a book claiming that there was no prospect of discovering an algorithm to do something for which an algorithm had already been invented some years before ;o) Aug 29, 2022 at 14:39

1 Answer 1


I fear you have a misconception about intellectual property and publishing. The most important thing to keep in mind is that you don't and can't "own" ideas. Publishing (somewhere that has a firm date attached) can associate your name with an idea and give you a claim to priority, which is really a social construct. It is proof against plagiarism but not against use and extension.

Publishing an idea, anywhere, doesn't give you exclusive rights to it. Any one can use it. Anyone can extend it. Anyone can dispute it. Ideas are free.

There are certain protections that can be applied to certain expressions of ideas. This permits the originator to exploit the ideas financially for a time. Copyright protects the specific expression of an idea (words, figures, ...) so that creators can be rewarded for their ideas, even though they don't own those ideas.

Patent law protects certain expressions of ideas ("devices") for a time, again to permit commercial exploitation.

But, if someone needs to hold ideas "close" so that others can't take any advantage of them at all, they are held as trade secrets and not published. Some (likely weaker) protections apply to these but in the form of sanctions against those who reveal them without permission.

The very purpose of publishing is to make the ideas public and available to others for use and extension.

Publishing anywhere in a venue that provides a verifiable date of publication and is stable (i.e. not a personal website) gives you a "receipt" that can be proof against plagiarism of others. But plagiarism isn't the use of the ideas, nor their extension, but only an improper claim of priority.

And, keeping the ideas to yourself, while it may prevent others from knowing what you know, has the disadvantage that your discovery might be published through the independent work of others. You then have no proof of priority.

  • Thank you so much for your detailed information, let me please lightly introduce myself I am computer scientist and software engineer and I am math lover. I discovered new formula for i^x where x can be any value including irrational numbers and non integer numbers without knowing about Euler formula but the formula I discovered doesn't use the constant "e" it is directly using trigonometric function. So can I put it in math-overflow instead writing research paper and considered my discovery? I searched the Euler formula can be little problematic for irrational numbers and non integers. Mar 2, 2023 at 21:04
  • Math overflow is actually a question answer site, not a publishing site. And things are subject to disappearance there. Formal publishing (or at least submitting a paper) will give you feedback from reviewers, which is probably what you need.
    – Buffy
    Mar 2, 2023 at 21:08

You must log in to answer this question.

Not the answer you're looking for? Browse other questions tagged .