When directly citing a heading of a source - such as "Nature of services" - do you keep the capitalization (as just presented) or do it as the following with squared brackets, stating "[n]ature of services"?

PS: Original source is -> Nature of services


2 Answers 2


"[n]ature of services" is a suitable direct citation.
The [] indicate that you are repurposing the original to suit the flow of your sentence/paragraph.

AFAIK, it's not overly frowned at in law, humanities, information systems. However, some universities or journals might request you do otherwise.


Generally, a quote should be exact, but for a snippet, as in your example, a modification is probably ok, especially since it is specifically noted that it has been modified.

Clarity is the most important thing.

  • So you recommend doing "[nature] of services"? Jul 13, 2022 at 14:40
  • 2
    Not really. "[n]ature..." makes it clearer what the edit was, actually. [nature] is ambiguous.
    – Buffy
    Jul 13, 2022 at 14:44

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