How should I cite a paper which I found on https://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=2580904? In my references, the citation appears like this:

Hayes, A. (2015). A cost of production model for Bitcoin. Available at SSRN 2580904.

Is Available at SSRN 2580904 the standard way of citing SSRN papers? I am using APAlike bibliography style.

1 Answer 1


The paper you linked has a suggested citation at the bottom. One of the choices is a DOI.

Suggested Citation:

Hayes, Adam, A Cost of Production Model for Bitcoin (March 19, 2015). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2580904 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2580904

This is not APA format, so it needs a bit of reformatting to get it into proper APA 7 format:

  • format of author name
  • format and placement of date
  • casing of article title
  • inclusion of journal title
  • format of DOI as HTTPS URL

Hayes, A. (2015). A cost of production model for Bitcoin. SSRN Electronic Journal. https://doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2580904

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