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My goal is to resubmit a paper to another journal, which has a requirement to format all citations with APA style. I am using Google Scholar to get a first version of each citation in APA, and want to make sure I understand what every part of the citation means. In the following, I have no problem understanding that the bold part means Volume 31, Issue 1 and pages ranging from 1 to 38.

Fawcett, T. (2004). ROC graphs: Notes and practical considerations for researchers. Machine learning, 31(1), 1-38.

However, I cannot understand what the single, six digit number represents in the following citation. Is this acceptable APA style? Shouldn't that be a range of pages instead of a single number?

Mo, H., Sun, H., Liu, J., & Wei, S. (2019). Developing window behavior models for residential buildings using XGBoost algorithm. Energy and Buildings, 205, 109564.

Also, I cannot understand the following. It seems to be Volume 8, Issue 4 but what about the bold part starting with e?

Sagi, O., & Rokach, L. (2018). Ensemble learning: A survey. Wiley Interdisciplinary Reviews: Data Mining and Knowledge Discovery, 8(4), e1249.

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    Regarding "e1249", I am quite sure this refers to the article number. Some journals (usually those which are "online-only") give the published articles an article number. Additionally, in such cases each article might start from page 1 itself, so there is no "page range" for an article in any issue (although I suppose you could list the total number of pages as "1--N"). Apr 21 at 19:02
  • Looking at the journal "Energy and Buildings" on ScienceDirect, it seems that 109564 is also the article number in this case. But the confusion is understandable, perhaps it's better if the citation said "Art. 109564" instead, or something similar. Apr 21 at 19:05
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    APA themselves write "If the journal article has an article number instead of a page range, include the word “Article” and then the article number instead of the page range."
    – Anyon
    Apr 21 at 19:57

1 Answer 1

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 Mo, H., Sun, H., Liu, J., & Wei, S. (2019). Developing window behavior models for residential buildings using XGBoost algorithm. Energy and Buildings, 205, 109564.

This journal uses article numbers/identifiers, and then numbers pages 1 - n within each article.

Sagi, O., & Rokach, L. (2018). Ensemble learning: A survey. Wiley Interdisciplinary Reviews: Data Mining and Knowledge Discovery, 8(4), e1249.

According to Wiley, the e-number is called eLocator and replaces the page number for electronic articles.

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