QUESTION: I’m curious to know: how much does success in writing funding proposals for NSF as a PhD student affect your application for a tenure-track faculty position in the US? Especially if you were not the PI (due to citizenship reasons and school regulations) but your PhD adviser was. The fact that you did write the proposal is corroborated in your advisers’ recommendation letter and the fact that you did secure funding from NSF on a recent proposal is stated in the research statement to demonstrate that you do have experience in submitting proposals.
EDIT 1: The wording of this fact in my research statement is as follows: As a PhD student and with assistance from my adviser, I drafted the proposal X that was awarded funding from the Y Division of the NSF. I then go on to briefly explain what published research the award supported.
EDIT 2: Based on your experience how often and to what extent discussion of proposals is included in an applicant's material? I assume the committee would be interested to see the evidence that the applicant is capable of drafting a competitive proposal. Do they by any chance search for the proposal online to see the amount of money it was awarded? Maybe that is a factor on the importance of the proposed study!
EDIT 3: This is with regards to an issue brought up in the comments: The discipline is plasma science and engineering. As I mentioned in the (original) question I could not be a PI/co-PI due to citizenship restrictions and school regulations. Also, the ideas developed in the proposal were not 100% mine but maybe equally shared between the two of us. The draft also went through multiple revisions by my adviser.
EDIT 4: The issue of abusive behavior and circumventing rules have been brought up in the comments. I have not experienced any such behavior (unless I'm being abused without knowing!). Furthermore, per NSF's survey emails I have been listed as a contributor based on this excerpt from the email: You have been identified by the Principal Investigator/co-Principal Investigator(s) as contributing to the following NSF-supported project. Before starting the process of drafting the proposal I was directed by my adviser to read NSF's Proposal & Award Policies & Procedures Guide (PAPPG) and to my knowledge rules were not broken (I understand circumvention is different).