I have submitted a research paper in mathematics to a journal and also uploaded it to Arxiv. Another paper I have written is an extension of this yet unpublished paper. So in the second paper, I have to mention or cite the first. Since the previous paper is yet not published, I have only one option: cite it from the Arxiv link. But I am thinking that citing a paper that is in Arxiv (submitted to a journal and yet not published), will be less appealing to reviewers.

So the question: Is it a good idea to cite my own unpublished paper to another paper, extension of the previous paper ?


1 Answer 1


Actually, you don't really have an option. You need to cite your early work that is published in any form to avoid charges of self-plagiarism.

Cite what can be seen. Your submission of the new paper will take long enough that you will have an option to update the citation if the older paper is more formally published.

Reviewers understand these things. They see it, they do it. Don't be concerned.

  • Small addition: In your citation it could be useful to add that the paper is actually under submission as well, just to show it's not only uploaded to arXiv.
    – Jeroen
    Commented Nov 5, 2021 at 14:18
  • @Jeroen, I doubt that is necessary. But it, too, can be edited out at some future point. Any initial submission will be changed in some ways. Time is on the author's side here.
    – Buffy
    Commented Nov 5, 2021 at 14:21

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