I'm writing a paper (my first one) in a standard article form. I must use A4 pages and a single text column.

In Methods and Materials, I must present a 23-Likert item long questionnaire that was used in the research. The problem is, I can't find a way to fit all 23 items in a concise table or image, it always ends up as a behemoth that takes up 2 pages and doesn't really fit in.

Is there a better, concise way to present said questionnaire?

  • 2
    Why should the entire questionnaire be reproduced at all? Just describe it in an abstract manner. What is it about, what scales do you use, how is it administered, how did you work around error/bias, what's your response rate, these kinds of things...
    – henning
    Oct 17, 2021 at 18:06
  • 1
    Does 'padronized' mean 'standard' here? Can you add supplemental material to the paper?
    – Anyon
    Oct 17, 2021 at 18:14
  • 2
    @Eduardo Cola have a look at how published research papers (journal articles) describe their survey methods. If the survey has more than three items, nobody describes the individual items in any detail. Instead, the full survey is sometimes available as an online appendix, if at all.
    – henning
    Oct 17, 2021 at 18:15
  • 1
    @Anyon sounds like a Portuguese malapropism of standardized.
    – henning
    Oct 17, 2021 at 18:16
  • 1
    In any case, if this is an assignment for a class, it's best to ask your instructor what the expectations are.
    – henning
    Oct 17, 2021 at 18:17

1 Answer 1


As I mentioned in the comments, 23 items isn't that many, unless the items are very long.

Here is how Hurley et al. (2006) introduces the 35-item Broad Autism Phenotype Questionnaire (it continues onto the next page):

enter image description here

As you can see, it is typeset smaller in a sort of table. I am not sure why they repeated the scale 1 2 3 4 5 6 on each row, as it is identical for each item. Since you are limited to one text column, put 12 items on the left and 11 on the right.

At the bottom of the table, the asterisks are explained:

***Casual interaction with acquaintances, rather than special relationships such as with close friends and family members

  • 4
    The questionnaire must be published in order for the results to be credible. The table is a good example. I have used an Appendix. Oct 18, 2021 at 0:33

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