A published article in an Elsevier journal has 5 authors (the first one is also corresponding author). A corrigendum appeared in the next issue, telling that the authors regret to forget to mention a second corresponding author for their paper (who is by chance a parliament member), resulting in the number and order of the authors (6 authors now). This corrigendum was also published in the next issue.
I believe this process is highly prone to corruption. When an article is published, what is the excuse to add another author, let alone a second corresponding author. A new author can be mentioned by editor or reviewers to the original author (once they are aware of his or her identity). When journals have blind peer reviews, after a paper is published, the reviewer is aware of the author and can simply ask him to add s/he or his/her colleagues as the author of a published work. Can someone put light on this please?
Just for further reference, I asked this from the journal manager at Elsevier and he answered me:
Please be informed that the correction to a published article will be accepted when there is a request from the corresponding author. When a corrigendum is published it is generally sent for the editor approval. The article will be processed only after the handling editor approval.
So, as I understood there is no kind of corruption prevention process here. Everything is in the hand of the editor.