I am going to prepare a research proposal, and I have observed the following statement which I do not understand. Can you help me understand what it means?

All text, paragraphs or textual phrases from a bibliographic reference, whether by other authors or their own, must be duly identified in the text and in the list of references.

1 Answer 1


It means that if you quote material from elsewhere (including reusing material from something you previously published), you need to indicated that it’s a quote and cite it correctly. It’s just a standard statement that your proposal has to comply with normal referencing standards.


You must log in to answer this question.

Not the answer you're looking for? Browse other questions tagged .