I am in the process of conforming a paper to the APA style guide. However, I recently came across submission guidelines for an academic journal, and the following distinction stood out to me:
If you want to refer to the paper use 'Appiah 1986' (without brackets): 'Appiah (1986)' refers to the philosopher - it means 'Appiah (in his 1986 paper)'.
I have two questions about this:
- Does this convention conform to any widely recognized style guides, or is it likely specific to that journal?
- Does the APA style guide draw a similar distinction between referring to a work (parentheses excluded) versus referring to an author with respect to a work (parentheses included)? So, for example, which of the two conforms to APA? (i) "In one form or another, the argument is to be found in Fine 2002" versus (ii) "In one form or another, the argument is to be found in Fine (2002)"
I haven't been able to find a clear answer to these questions.
Thanks in advance!