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I'll soon be leaving the faculty position I've held for over 20 years at a private college in the United States. Do departing faculty typically keep books that might have been purchased with university funds? After all of this time, it's hard to know which books I paid for, which were given to me, and which were paid for by grants or departmental funds. My department (which I head) is being shut down, so nobody will remain to whom the books would be useful.

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    'it's hard to know which books I paid for, which were given to me, and which were paid for by grants or departmental funds' ... and then there are the "inspection copies", for which you have to guess whether the publisher was trying to bribe you or whether the publisher was trying to bribe your university. May 16 at 18:09
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    And how about ebooks or even papers downloaded "free of charge" because the university library pays for them? What should be done with them?
    – J W
    May 16 at 18:34
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    Short answer: yes. I never heard of anyone returning books, or asking about whether they should, and never heard of a department petty enough to expect that. Here’s a relevant university policy I found.
    – Dan Romik
    May 16 at 18:49
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    Whatever you do, eschew a solution that will result in still relevant (i.e. not outdated) books being thrown away. Very few things are sadder than perfectly good books going to the trash. May 16 at 19:46
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    Here’s another policy that actually does ask for books to be returned to the university, apparently to avoid taxation issues. Whether or not this is honored in practice is anybody’s guess.
    – Dan Romik
    May 16 at 19:51
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There's the "legal ownership" element, but given the situation you've described, I'd attach even more importance to the moral/ethical element:

Who is most likely to use these books?

I suspect if your department is being shut down, no one will care about the legal ownership specifics unless you provoke them to. So you could consider triaging:

  1. College library, for books which in your professional judgment students or faculty in other remaining departments could use.

  2. Keep yourself, for specialized material or your favorite books that you expect to use in the next years or decades.

  3. Gifted to colleagues elsewhere for other useful material in your field.

  4. "Free" box outside your door, for the stuff you'd otherwise throw out.

I have fortunately not been in quite this situation in academia proper, but I did leave a private sector research institute that got effectively disbanded with my (and others') departure. This is the approach I followed.

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    +1. Sadly, I have witnessed "unused" books from the department library being thrown in the trash, just to be able to use a library room for a different purpose. The right thing to do is to make sure that the books will end up with people who will actually use them.
    – Szabolcs
    May 17 at 9:55
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That really depends on where you are. It seems that (albeit implicitly assumed) US, or Anglosaxon in general, consensus of the other asnwers is that a professors keeps their books.

However here, if university pays for a book through a grant or through department funds, the book gets registered into the library register and is marked appropriately with the numbers. These books are then sometimes marked as being borrowed from the library, sometimes just silently transferred, but either way remain a property of the library (and can even be requested for borrowing by other persons).

That does not include books that were sent to you from someone, only those bought through university money.

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    That does make things clearer. I think it goes without saying that library books should be returned.
    – J W
    May 17 at 8:11
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    @JW: I think Vladimir is saying that where they are, no such confusion exists in the first place because university paid = library book. (same where I am) May 18 at 14:03
  • As I mentioned in the question, I'm the US. None of these books have been registered anywhere. May 19 at 20:35
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First, figure out which books you want to keep at all. Then ask the responsible person what you should do with the books you don't want to keep. That answer may reveal the answer to your actual question in your particular case.

I think the convention is that books bought by the university remain unless given to you, which a dean or VP might do. Those you bought are, of course, yours. Examination copies given to you by publishers are yours, even if they were trying to influence the university. Books bought with grants depend upon the provisions of the grant, but probably in general belong to the university, not the principal investigator.

Do not concern yourself with with ownership of downloaded material. Libraries expect scholars to download, use, and ultimately keep such material. That's why they have subscriptions.

Finally, if there are books you will not use, regardless of ownership, but that might be useful to a scholar in another department, see whether the library will take them.

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    For books you don't want to keep, some folks just leave a box of books outside their office with a "Free" sign.
    – Buffy
    May 16 at 18:48
  • @Buffy Yes, I'm planning to do that, although I guess I should technically ask permission first. May 16 at 18:50
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    I've done that. I also have an African colleague who collects such books and sends them to his home university.
    – Bob Brown
    May 16 at 18:51
  • Thank you. Could you clarify what you mean by "responsible person"? May 16 at 18:51
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    @Embarrassedtenuredprofessor Start with your immediate superior and work your way up until you get a definitive answer. My guess? They'll tell you to keep everything.
    – Bob Brown
    May 16 at 18:52
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I have been in similar situations three times when moving between universities and when retiring, in Norway. The tradition was, and is, that the books are kept by the professor.

My advice is that you honestly ask the dean what would be best to do with the books for the college. Chances are that the college is at most interested in very few of your books for special retain reasons.

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At our department, this can go two ways: If I request a book for a class that I teach, the department will get me an "instructor's" copy, but will keep the book (although I can generally keep using it unless someone else decides to use it for their class as well). We also have a pool of money that can be spent on miscellaneous expenses, such as inviting visitors, attending conferences, books, or minor equipment. I can buy a book and request to cover the expense; if the department head/business office approves it, I will be reimbursed and can keep the book. There's no guarantee, however, that such a request will be approved and overall the money is more likely to be given to junior faculty with no external funding...

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Better to beg forgiveness than to ask permission.

Go along with the assumption that you can keep them all. Keep the ones you want, and decide what to do with those you do not.

If you ask first, you may trigger the cupidity of a petty official who wants them for himself (for no reason but for the ownership) and it will then be far harder to retain control yourself of the ones you are particularly fond of. But if you have already taken your pick, and put them on your shelves at home, then it is far harder for an officious busybody in the university administration to claim them for the university.

It is also a fair bet that nobody will either know or care what books you have in the first place. Mind, it's a good idea to know exactly where they all are, in case someone with a list on a clipboard comes sailing into your office to mark off the ones they are particularly keen on reclaiming.

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