In a footnote at this answer by on leaving a postdoc early, user Luke Mathieson writes:

A postdoc in the US has lower status that it does in Europe/Australia/New Zealand/...,

I'm aware that postdocs in the USA typically have lower pay than in (say) Sweden or The Netherlands (I did not look into other countries). I don't know if pay is quite proportional to status. In the way postdocs are perceived by others—undergraduates, graduate students, pre-tenure academics, tenured professors—is there a difference in postdoc status in different parts of the world?

I realise this question is somewhat subjective, so I'm looking for either testimonies based on people who have worked as or with postdocs in both western Europe and North America, or in-depth articles exploring this issue.

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    Might be a bit broad: from the little I've seen, postdocs have varying status in different departments in the same university, from skivvy to putative professor. – 410 gone Feb 3 '14 at 9:50
  • @EnergyNumbers Good point. I've adapted the question to make it focus on western Europe / North America. Might still be quite broad though... I'll let the community decide over the fate of this question ;-) – gerrit Feb 3 '14 at 9:53

The big difference is that most places in Europe don't have a tradition of assistant professorship, or, more generally, tenure-track faculty. Here's an example of the "typical" career progression of an academic in Austria (durations can vary by a lot, I just give examples here for illustration purposes):

  1. Phd Student (4 to 5 years finished with Doctorate)
  2. Postdoc (6 to 10+ years finished with habilitation / venia docendi)
  3. "Privatdozent" (undefined length, non-tenured position, somewhat comparable with a non-tenured associate professor)
  4. Full Professor / Chaired Professor (tenured position).

Note that there is no assistant professorship, and (2) that no tenured position before Full Professor exists.

Clearly, in this system there are postdocs with many years of experience in their field. They often have developed their own small group, work very loosely with a faculty mentor or completely independently, have their own funding and supervise PhD students that are "quasi" theirs (postdocs are not formally allowed to supervise PhD students before habilitation, but it is common practice that the mentor of the postoc formally supervises the postdoc's staff without involving her/himself much in the actual process). These postdocs are often considered assistant professors, even going so far as to call themselves assistant professor on their web pages and business cards despite not actually being professors de jure.

The general takeaway is that being a postdoc in Europe may have higher status than in the US, but it is not true for every postdoc. As postdoc status can last a very long time in Europe, one needs to look very closely at the person himself to see how senior she/he actually is.

  • I have a slight difficulty with understanding the Austrian career progression outline in your answer: where do you place the extraordinary professors (ao. Profs)? Thanks in advance. – just-learning Oct 23 '14 at 15:38

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