As a PI, I have quite a few projects that have gone nowhere. For some of these projects, I have submitted a manuscript that has been rejected. In others, I have written portions of a manuscript, but feel like the results are rather inconclusive. I could submit these manuscripts as they are, but I find it difficult to write papers with inconclusive results (there's no story to tell). It feels unethical to resubmit papers where I have not addressed the flaws pointed out by the reviewers. I suppose I can just be as upfront as possible about the flaws, but this also takes some time and finesse. It seems like the amount of time I'd have to put into these manuscripts to address the flaws would be better spent on projects that are working and have promising results.

My grad school advisor seemed to be of the mindset that you should just keep revising and resubmitting a manuscript until it gets accepted. I sometimes felt like he was succumbing to a sunk cost fallacy and that the time we put into rescuing these projects wasn't worth it. There's also the argument that you should publish any work you do, even dead ends, because it will avoid duplication and save other people time. But putting anything in a publishable form takes time and effort, which takes away from other projects. What is the opinion of the community on these issues?

Another complication can be the involvement of others in the project (students, technicians), who would like to have a better publication record. However, in many cases, it might be faster to make them part of a better, more promising project than to dump time into a project that isn't working.

I'm trying to be more choosy about the projects I take on in the future to avoid this dilemma, but it's hard to know where a project will go. I'd like some advice on how to handle such projects/unpublished manuscripts. Just submit them to a preprint server and forget about them? Submit them to journals that have a low enough bar? How do you decide whether work is worth salvaging?

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    'It feels unethical to resubmit papers where I have not addressed the flaws pointed out by the reviewers.' It's not unethical if, for example, you acknowlege those flaws explicitly in the text of the paper and suggest addressing them as proposed future work. That way, the fact that those flaws need addressing gets into the peer-reviewed literature, and anyone in the research community (maybe even you) can cite it in a grant proposal for researcher time, equipment, and/or consumables to address the flaws. – Daniel Hatton Feb 9 at 18:47

My thoughts on

How do you decide whether work is worth salvaging?

I think a better question is how to salvage, not how to decide whether to salvage.

You even suggest some possibilities

  • If the referees' reports suggest changes that you think make sense then the review process is working. Make the changes and resubmit, there or elsewhere.
  • Clean up some obvious bad places and post as a preprint.
  • Incorporate the good parts in another project.
  • Some dead ends should be acknowledged as such - and published. See What to do when you spend several months working on an idea that fails in a masters thesis?
  • Maybe the referees were right to reject. I have two manuscripts from years ago that I never reworked or resubmitted.

All papers have flaws, and all papers can be improved. The minimal criterion for whether to toss it or work on it is whether or not it provides any new information, however minimal. If it does, then you need only adjust your expectations on the quality of the journal.


In order to decide whether to write up and publish a project as a preprint and/or journal article, you may ask yourself a few questions:

  • Would it be interesting to give a talk on that material?

  • Should the results be mentioned in review articles on the subject?

  • If the article you consider writing had existed before you embarked in the project, would you have read it, and would it have influenced your work?

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