According to the other question on Academia SE, the Polish higher education system closely resembles the German one:

Polish higher education follows Humboldt's model so does German education. I personally hate Humboldt's model as it is a time-hog in the case of undergraduate and masters levels.

Does the Portuguese higher education system follow Humbolt's model?

If No, which model do they follow?

  • 1
    The answer to the other question mentions the Balogna Process as a codification of Humbolt's model, and Portugal is a signatory thereof. So, the answer would appear to be "yes" for Portugal and most of Europe. Is this the sort of answer you had in mind, or am I missing something?
    – cag51
    Aug 26, 2020 at 1:41
  • @cag51, actually, I am trying to understand if moving from Poland/Germany to Portugal will be able to offer me a different kind of higher education experience as I am fed up with these two countries.
    – user366312
    Aug 26, 2020 at 1:46
  • 3
    I am sorry to hear that OP hates the Humboldt model, as its focus on character development defined academia, with its great successes, in the past. If one did not like it, in olden times, academia would not have been one's target anyway and one probably would have more chosen a vocational route. Today, OP will be pleased to know (me less so), it is increasingly eroded and is moving towards a more practical model focusing on concrete employability skills. OP should probably also have a look at the Anglo-Saxon model and countries which support it if it would better suit OP's requirements. Aug 26, 2020 at 3:56
  • Can you give some examples of what exactly you consider a waste of time? Aug 27, 2020 at 18:29
  • @cbeleitesunhappywithSX, Okay. The problem with the model is: teachers throw some books to the students and tell students to learn by themselves. Lectures are totally useless as they are unintelligible and full of either formal math symbolic notations or badly designed without considering student-psychology. Asking questions is considered as a Taboo and disturbance in the classroom.
    – user366312
    Aug 29, 2020 at 2:29

1 Answer 1


Yes, Portugal's basic education system does follow Humboldt's model. In university, it mostly depends on the institution you choose to study on. I don't know what kind of degree you're thinking about pursuing, but investigate the various universities that offer that degree and it's culture / philosophy.

You must log in to answer this question.

Not the answer you're looking for? Browse other questions tagged .