Ibid on different pages of an essay


I think if you've read Part 1 and 2, you probably have a good idea of the context, but here goes:

In my efforts to use footnotes for the first time in my essay, I've come across a few problems. Now, I've made some progress, but I noted that one of my sources which I referenced in my essay was the last on one page, and subsequently the first on the next!

I attempted to look up whether I use ibid or put the reference again, but usually the question is misinterpreted as different pages within the source, not different pages within my essay referencing the source, for example in the question at the bottom of this WikiHow.


So, if I reference the same source twice, but on different pages of my essay (not different pages of the source, different pages in my essay), do I use ibid referring to the previous page or repeat the full footnote once again?

1 Answer 1

  • To my knowledge, there isn't any universal set of rules for this sort of thing. Certainly citation styles differ between fields. You could obtain any widely used style guide (e.g. the Chicago Manual of Style) and follow that.

  • If this is an assignment for a class, you could ask your professor what she prefers; if it's a journal submission, see if they have any style guidelines; etc.

  • You might want to find some published material, in a similar genre to whatever you are writing, and imitate their formatting choices. For example, if you are an undergraduate mathematics student, you could look through back issues of the American Mathematical Monthly. If practices differ, then pick something which you think looks good.

  • Keep in mind that "different pages" is ambiguous. As you work on the essay, footnotes that appeared on the same page might later appear on different pages, or vice versa. Also, if you submit your work for publication, then the published version would be likely to have different pagination, and the copyeditors might edit things like "Ibid." to be in their own style anyway. So I'd recommend you choose something that doesn't cause yourself a lot of tedium.

  • +1 for "different pages is ambiguous." Copy pages that you submit are (often) different from the proof pages that are then published. Aug 23, 2020 at 22:51
  • What about in the Harvard Referencing system, for example, @academic?
    – global05
    Aug 23, 2020 at 22:56
  • @Gill I don't know.
    – academic
    Aug 23, 2020 at 23:37

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