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How to find and check providers of fake Digital Object Identifier (DOI) numbers? What are the consequences of using fake DOI numbers? How can I know is DOI number actually fake?

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    Not sure, but can't you check where a DOI points to on doi.org ? – GoodDeeds May 12 '20 at 23:04
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    Seem to remember putting a comment asking what was meant by DOI - would have appreciated a notification of the edit instead of someone just deleting my comment. But that seems to be how some act. Sad. – Solar Mike May 13 '20 at 7:21
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    @SolarMike meta.stackexchange.com/questions/130975/… Also, I think it's quite reasonable to assume people know what a DOI is. We have a tag for it and I use DOIs several times a day. – Anonymous Physicist May 13 '20 at 10:15
  • @AnonymousPhysicist sure: Drunk Or Incapable... – Solar Mike May 13 '20 at 10:44
  • @SolarMike: What a shame! – user111388 May 13 '20 at 16:28
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DOIs are registered and managed by Registration Agencies appointed by the International DOI Foundation. All registered DOI numbers resolve through https://doi.org/ - if it doesn't resolve it's not a DOI. A DOI can be applied to many different things so the fact that content has a DOI doesn't say anything about the quality or validity of the content. There's a blog post about this - https://www.crossref.org/blog/dois-unambiguously-and-persistently-identify-published-trustworthy-citable-online-scholarly-literature-right/

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    "All registered DOI numbers resolve through doi.org - if it doesn't resolve it's not a DOI." In my experience this is not true. I have obtained a DOI from a journal a few days before it began to resolve. – Anonymous Physicist May 13 '20 at 10:12
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    @AnonymousPhysicist The journal did not give you a DOI. It gave you a magic cookie that transformed into a DOI when doi.org started to resolve it. – JeffE May 13 '20 at 16:16
  • @JeffE It was exactly the same text as the DOI. – Anonymous Physicist May 14 '20 at 0:34
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    @AnonymousPhysicist And yet its meaning changed when it was blessed by doi.org. – JeffE May 14 '20 at 17:01
  • A DOI functions when it's registered so if you get a DOI prior to it being registered it's a DOI that isn't active yet - there's nothing magic or blessed about it. I could give you a URL to a domain name that isn't registered yet and the link wouldn't work until the domain name is registered. However, I could also just make a random string of numbers and letters that look like a domain name or a DOI - e.g. 10.65421/1238djkad - is it a DOI? – Ed Pentz Aug 25 '20 at 9:15
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Attempt to resolve the DOI digitally. If the number doesn’t resolve then it doesn’t currently identify a digital object adequately.

Do you mean “how do I identify DOIs resolving to objects that are academic garbage, lack peer review or a publisher exhibiting academic standards of review prior to publication?”

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The EU-backed FREYA is currently working on a project called 'common DOI search' to address this issue.

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