I believe that for the countries you mention, the answer would be no. (To the best of my knowledge,) These countries do not allow people whose passport is stamped with an Israeli stamp to enter their country (check, e.g., here). I believe studying in Israel would be a red flag that would not to be overlooked by these countries.
However, other (Muslim/Arab) countries have peace-agreements with Israel, e.g., Jordan, Egypt, and UAE. I know of some academic relations between Israeli universities and UAE universities and I believe student exchange between these two countries are only a matter of time. Also, countries relationships do evolve and peace agreements might extend to many other countries in the short/long term, possibly including Saudi-Arabia and others (I'm less optimistic about Pakistan or Iran, but who knows).
To the best of my knowledge, students from any country are very welcomed in Israeli universities. However, getting the legal permissions (VISA, etc.) and going back to the home-countries might be a big issue. (I heard of people who arrive into Israel without official papers, e.g., with a "travel authorization" instead of a passport, but these cases are very rare).