In a recent question on how to deal with submitting several papers on similar subjects at the same time, one of the (good) practices suggested by the answers is make sure that they cite each other, and that each result appears as original only in one of them.

One may want to put informative references from one to the other; for example:

  • paper A "An application of this result is in paper B";
  • paper B: "We apply this result from paper A".

From the point of view of providing all the relevant context to the reader, this might be the most informative thing to do. However, the other use of citations is for computing metrics, and in this respect this practice could be seen as a dishonest way to improve one's citation count, since you get two (self-)citations instead of the one you'd normally get if the two paper were not written simultaneously.

Hence, the question in the title: Is this practice recommendable and/or acceptable? Or should I decide an implicit temporal order for my simultaneous papers, and only cite older ones from newer ones?

  • 34
    Screw the metrics. Your first duty is to the reader.
    – JeffE
    Commented Dec 3, 2013 at 11:20
  • 3
    Don't most citation metrics discount self-citations, anyway? Commented Dec 5, 2013 at 8:03
  • @StephanKolassa no… h-index and number of citations are the most used metrics, and they include self-citations
    – F'x
    Commented Dec 5, 2013 at 9:00
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    I am . . . slightly confused about how you cite a paper that doesn't exist yet. What happens if only one of your two papers gets in?
    – geometrian
    Commented Nov 23, 2014 at 21:52
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    @imallett In many fields, it is common to release a new manuscript as a preprint and/or an arXiv e-print to release it to the public before it gets peer-reviewed. At this point it can be cited. In some cases, citations to the preprint can be updated to citations to the published version, when and if there is one. Commented Nov 23, 2014 at 22:05

1 Answer 1


If the two papers are already written and submitted at the same time, I don't see why not. You are right about the upsides: making information easier to find for the reader. This is one of the purposes of citations! The only small addition I would make is that you should submit a copy of B along with A (and the other way around), so the reviewers can evaluate the need for this citation (as they do with “regular” citations).

And to end on a practical note: this will probably no inflate your citation count anyway. You submit your two papers at a time, then let's say A is accepted before B. So A is published with a reference to “B: F. Poloni, submitted for publication”, which won't be counted in citation databases. Then when B comes out, it will feature a proper citation to A (either in full, or through DOI if A does not yet have full citation information), and this citation will be included in databases.

  • 3
    I agree with the "This is probably not going to matter much" bit - I've had a couple "paired papers" like this, and generally speaking, it's nigh impossible to get publication schedules to sync.
    – Fomite
    Commented Dec 3, 2013 at 22:08
  • I once saw an article that managed a self-loop: It cited its supplemental information by DOI, which meant that the day the article was published, it already had one citation -- from itself!
    – dwhswenson
    Commented Nov 4, 2019 at 12:26

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