My experience: I read 'Academia varies more than you think it does', but in school or university I've been to or heard of, students can always see how they were graded for any paper/exam/ test/homework they were assigned.
In some cases, the school won't let them keep it, but they will at least let the students view it.
I believe it's every student's right to know how they were graded on, well, a graded requirement. (see Dan Fox and David Hill) The only exception I can think of is Educational Testing Service, but it's not really a school or anything.
My sibling's experience: My sibling is second year undergraduate. Recently, my sibling was a little surprised with a grade on a paper/an exam and wants to know about how their particular paper/exam was graded. But when my sibling tried to ask to view the marking/grading of the exam/paper, this was the reply of the professor (paraphrased or redacted to help with privacy)
Dear [insert name of sibling],
Are you an exchange student? [insert university] does not provide marks to students after the examination. The only thing that can be released is the Grade or Pass/Fail. Giving you the marks would be a violation of the regulations. In fact, all such information will be destroyed after a period of time. You can try asking other teachers about marks, they will also tell you the same.
The [insert fee required to appeal for a change of grade, which is the equivalent of about $32.10 US] is for the examiner to check and confirm your grade. You will then have a letter from the Faculty confirming the grade or otherwise.
- Note: My sibling is NOT an exchange student.
Main question: Do/Should students have the right to see their how exams were grade?
Guide questions to support the main question:
Is this policy unconventional or unethical or unfair?
How will any student get feedback on their communication or their mistakes if they do not see any of the gradings/markings of their work?
Students would've been able to know how to better communicate or organise their ideas for future exams/papers.
And of course, besides of all the soft skills stuff, how do students learn from their actual mistakes if they don't know what they are?
My sibling and their classmates were allowed to keep the exam/paper questionnaire, and they have a copy of their exam/paper answers since the exam/paper was online.
This particular course/subject has only two requirements - 20% for a single homework and 80% for a single exam. There is no midterm only finals. (This sentence is partly related to Buffy's answer.)
The grades were released very late, about 4-5 weeks after classes for the semester began.
There are some procedures to appeal for a change of grade, but there's a fee for this (about $32.10 US). The original forwarded message (again paraphrased or redacted) to all students of my sibling's course/program/programme/major is as follows. I'm stating this to give context for the $32.10 US fee stated above.
In accordance with [insert some code number of a policy here], there shall not be any appeal against the examination results and all other forms of assessment. However, if a student has sufficient reasons to say that there is some irregularity in procedure or technical error in how his/her assessment results are determined, then he/she can apply [details, details].
Please note that a fee of [$32.10 US] for each assessment will be charged. The student should pay [details, details]. However, if the Department's investigation into an application of a student concludes with that there was an irregularity in procedure or a technical error and the assessment result is revised, then the fee is to be refunded.
The professor says 'You can try asking other teachers about marks, they will also tell you the same' instead of referring to the student handbook.
They do not have a student handbook.