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in a single-blind paper reviewer one of the reviewer comments In total, 12% of the paper contains text from X et al. (2019) which is not properly cited. this cited article, is one of my works. in review responses can I discuss it? or not?

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    Even if it is your own article, why is 12% of the text copied? – Jon Custer Dec 19 '19 at 14:19
  • Single blind usually means the reviewers already know who you are. If this is the case, why wouldn't you be able to discuss it? (though, even pointing out that it's your own paper might not resolve the issue). – cag51 Dec 20 '19 at 1:42
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There are two issues here; self plagiarism and possible copyright infringement. If your previous work has been published then you may not hold copyright to it any more and your rights to reuse the text may be limited. You should check that. If you do still hold copyright or a sufficient license from the publisher then you are clear on that.

But self plagiarism is a separate issue. When a scholar reads a paper they also want the context in which the ideas were developed. So, if we use another work, we cite it so that the scholar can follow links, including the citations made in the earlier text, etc. If you just copy part of your own old work without citing it, you (probably) break that chain of context. You make the current work seem new and deny the scholar the chance of easily examining the context.

If you have copyright to your work, you can probably safely reuse longer parts of the old work than if it were by another, but you still need to cite it. In such a case, quoting long passages is probably acceptable provided that you can find a suitable typographic convention to show what is old and what is new. But citation is still needed.

The fact that a reviewer has raised the issue suggests that you have some work to do. First, you need to be clear about your copyright or your license. Second, you have to provide proper citations of things you use (i.e. quote) from the old work. Failing that, you are subject to having the work rejected.

Rephrasing the old work is not the issue. That can be viewed as an attempt to disguise your intent, just as if you rephrased the work of someone else without citation.

The fact that self plagiarism is viewed differently by different people is irrelevant here. This publication has raised the issue, so it is important to you. It is also, in general, safer to be conservative in such things just to protect your own reputation. If you use it, cite it. Easy rule.

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If you use text from your own works without attribution, you are self-plagiarizing. Attitudes towards self-plagiarism vary widely. Some people/publishers are opposed to it, others are surprised people even frown on it.

The fact that the editor was OK with sending your paper out to review indicates they don't consider the amount of self-plagiarism problematic. So you can probably do nothing and get away with it. Still, you might as well rewrite the problematic text or cite the relevant article; it's probably not too time-consuming, and makes everyone happy.

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    I think OP may be the person being accused of (self) plagiarism here. – Maeher Dec 19 '19 at 7:23
  • @Maeher indeed, I misread the question. Edited answer. – Allure Dec 19 '19 at 7:39
  • I personally think that 12% of copied and pasted text is detrimental. But it depends on in which part of the paper or for what it is used. A "perfectly" phrased paragraph shouldn't change all the time, but then it should be clear it is used as discussion. The experimental part case is more obvious. So reformulated or made clear you have already published that part. +1 – Alchimista Dec 19 '19 at 8:58
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    I also don't understand your comments about the editor being "OK" with sending it out. Why do you think an editor would have noticed it before it was reviewed? I doubt they gave it much thought other than a skim to decide which reviewers would be appropriate. – Buffy Dec 19 '19 at 14:22
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    @Allure Not always. – Bryan Krause Dec 19 '19 at 20:12

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