I'm writing an essay in English, but much of my source material is in Spanish (my first language). I know how to reference my sources in the bibliography, but how do I quote within the text? Do I translate it myself and still use quotation marks?

  • Exact citation standards differ from field to field. As a general principle, you should make it clear that it's a translation and who translated it.
    – ObscureOwl
    Dec 14, 2019 at 18:03

2 Answers 2


In APA 6th and 7th editions, translations done by the author (you) are considered paraphrases. To cite these in-text, you add (Author, Year). at the end of a sentence as you normally would. These in-text citations do not require quotations.


Your method sounds good. Indicate somehow that you translated, either by saying so once at the beginning of your essay, or individually with each quotation.

General advice: Who are you writing this for? If for a a class, ask the instructor. If for a journal, consult the editor.

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