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I'm writing an essay in English, but much of my source material is in Spanish (my first language). I know how to reference my sources in the bibliography, but how do I quote within the text? Do I translate it myself and still use quotation marks?

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  • Exact citation standards differ from field to field. As a general principle, you should make it clear that it's a translation and who translated it.
    – ObscureOwl
    Dec 14, 2019 at 18:03

2 Answers 2

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In APA 6th and 7th editions, translations done by the author (you) are considered paraphrases. To cite these in-text, you add (Author, Year). at the end of a sentence as you normally would. These in-text citations do not require quotations.

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Your method sounds good. Indicate somehow that you translated, either by saying so once at the beginning of your essay, or individually with each quotation.

General advice: Who are you writing this for? If for a a class, ask the instructor. If for a journal, consult the editor.

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