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It is evident from stats of some reputed journals and conferences that PhD students from India are getting hard to publish at-least some research papers while other countries are publishing many productive research papers.

It is not a reason that there are less number of PhD researchers. Infact there are enough number of PhD researchers in India. But most of them are publishing in low quality or secondary journals.

I want to know the key and broad reason(s) for such phenomena. I am guessing three main reasons related to academia. One is less grip/expertisensss among student community on the areas at fundamental level and the another reason is their less or no familiarity with English language and publication skills. The last reason is lack of funding, infrastructure etc.,.

But I'm interested to know whether any study or statistics giving insights on this. I mean about the reason(s) for less publications in reputed journals from PhD students in a developing country like India.

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    I would say English language skills in India are considerably higher than in some other countries that do have many publications. I would also point out that there are many Indian scientific journals and some researchers/institutions might prefer to publish there. Let us see if someone comes up with some stats... – wimi Nov 29 '19 at 7:47
  • just to make sure. This is a reference request right? – Boaty Mcboatface Nov 29 '19 at 7:52
  • This is too broad - the list of reasons can be long... – Solar Mike Nov 29 '19 at 8:29
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    I think one thing you missed is academic migration. Many of the best Indian students are no longer in India. After all, why do your (PhD-)studies in India if you are exceptional enough to get a place at a more prestigious and better funded university in Europe or the US? This is of course related to the other points, but sadly it is also self-reinforcing as it leads to Indian universities being perceived as second rate places filled with second rate people, so future students have a further incentive to look for other options. I'm not sure where to get good data on that though. – mlk Nov 29 '19 at 10:18
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    The question is also oddly phrased: PhD students are not the only ones conducting research – Spark Nov 29 '19 at 10:55
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The lack of research funding as SSimon mention seems to the most likely reason for a poor research culture and hence Indian based journals. There is a well worn track of academics being trained overseas and returning. This approach however means that there is a poor academic culture based in India probably.

India’s investment in research is a measly 0.62 percent of GDP. Also from the report, there is an emphasis on the lack of undergraduate research resulting in only 0.5% of the student progressing with further PhD studies.

There seems to be an increase in the growth of high quality publications from India, especially in the area of chemistry - Nature Index Report 2014.

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