My question is highly relevant to this one: is-it-appropriate-to-acknowledge-stackexchange-in-my-msc-thesis; however, in my case, Satoshi Nakamoto is the pseudonymous person (or persons) who developed Bitcoin.

I believe, would be great to acknowledge Satoshi genius and the importance of his invention to my current research, but not sure whether appropriate (in academia context) is to thank the pseudonymous person(s)?

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    Guys, remember, if a question is legitimate but the answer is "no", we should answer "no", not downvote the question. – Federico Poloni Oct 3 '19 at 8:26
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    Note that Satoshi Nakamoto published the bitcoin algorithm in a preprint, so you could always just cite it and describe how your work relates to it, instead of using an acknowledgment. – Nathaniel Oct 10 '19 at 16:43

I think it would be appropriate to thank him in a thesis, but not in a paper.

There is a big cultural difference in how acknowledgments are used in theses and papers. In the common use (at least in my field, but I think this is general), acknowledgments in a paper are reserved for:

  • people that actually helped on the topic of the paper, via direct personal interaction, for instance "We thank X for useful discussions" or "We thank Y for providing us the reference [5] and an alternative proof of Theorem 5"
  • funding agencies
  • host institutions for a visit, such as "This research was conducted when the first author was on a sabbatical leave at the University of W; she thanks UW for its support".

Other acknowledgments (such as general help, emotional support, parents and partners, etc.) would definitely look out of place. You can put these in your thesis, but in a paper you'd better stick to business and keep it as brief as possible. The acknowledgments section of a paper is not intended as a soapbox (unlike that of a thesis). There are exceptions, but they will raise eyebrows.

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    The non-eyebrowraising exception at least in my field (maths) would be dedicating the paper to someone fundamental to the area of research, but that is generally reserved to special occasions such as deaths and round birthdays, but those do not quite work for someone anonymous. – mlk Oct 3 '19 at 9:14
  • @mlk In case you are unaware. Nakamoto contributed significantly to the academic literature on verifiable computation and blockchain. So the exception you mention would apply to them, although as you note it’s rather hard in the case of an anonymous author. – Stella Biderman Oct 3 '19 at 14:36
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    you might want to replace "parents and girlfriends" by "parents and partners" to avoid making assumptions on the gender/orientation of the researcher in question – Tashi Walde Oct 9 '19 at 14:16
  • @TashiWalde Oops, you are right, fixed. – Federico Poloni Oct 9 '19 at 17:11
  • @FedericoPoloni Now you wrote 'parents' twice instead :) – jnanin Oct 10 '19 at 13:23

Why don't you just cite their original bitcoin paper in your introduction? I don't know the history of your field but if that was really a fundamental result it seems completely reasonable to cite it. Whether the author is anonymous or not doesn't change that.

According to google scholar the paper has over 7000 citations so you would have lots of company.

In general I would say a citation that acknowledges the importance of the work is a much stronger form of thanks than a mention in the acknowledgements section.

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No one acknowledge any scientist leading/having led to a field with no direct interaction on the paper. So no.

I would find it inappropriate even in a thesis. You have other sections to highlight the importance and merits of someone, and you do so in a scientific and pertinent way, by referencing his/her work, for instance.

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