I emailed a professor, saying I'm looking for a position. I introduced myself and wrote about experiences that I thought would be relevant to his work. I read on his website that he was recruiting students in a few research fields, and I cited the two in which I was interested, and said I would like to know more about them. After 20 minutes I received this: "welcome". What does that even mean? Should I take it as a simple "no"? How do I reply to this? I'm interested in his work, but there are also other professors in this school with similar areas of research. Should I move on to them without replying to this professor?

EDIT: I did ask for clarification. I asked if I could look forward to a position in his group, and he replied with "yes, you can". However, I find it kind of strange because he didn't ask for any additional information or give any instruction. I don't know what I can make of this. Any suggestions on how I can proceed?

  • 14
    Just email them again asking for clarification in a polite way Sep 10, 2019 at 8:36
  • 10
    Are you currently a student enrolled at the same university as the professor?
    – Van
    Sep 10, 2019 at 14:12
  • 11
    Then, in that case, I assume you have to apply to the university and be accepted. If you do so, the professor will be interested in working with you. While professors can advocate on your behalf when you apply, I don't think they can just accept you as a student. (Maybe I'm wrong and they can in your country?) I would take your conversation to mean that the professor wants you to apply and, should you be accepted, they will be able to offer you a position.
    – Van
    Sep 10, 2019 at 14:36
  • 16
    If you're using Gmail, those are generated by Gmail. I'm assuming from some sort of neural-net / ai program. No, those are not created by the email originator. (It's also scary how they learn to mimic your style.) It's also possible that the professor in question is using those replies to save time. He may be overwhelmed with emails and using them, even if they're not perfect.
    – Van
    Sep 10, 2019 at 15:19
  • 16
    I'm reminded of this phdcomics.com/comics/archive.php?comicid=1047
    – ahiijny
    Sep 10, 2019 at 19:04

12 Answers 12


I'd be a bit wary of working with this person if this is really them and is really their communication style.

20 minutes is plenty of time to determine a student is not a fit and to politely deny them. 20 minutes is not really enough time to commit to supervising a student.

This level of communication might be typical from some professors, but I think those are the worst to have as advisors:

"What do you think of my research ideas?"


"Where should we try to submit this paper?"


"I'm worried I'm not making progress towards my thesis"


I would look at the admissions process for this university. If the process is such that you need to have some professor's sign off to apply, then maybe that's all they are trying to convey: that you get their sign off, and they aren't putting more effort in because the application process tends to winnow students.

In that case, clarify they are willing to sponsor your application, and go ahead and apply, but make sure you get a chance to meet further with this person before you take them as an advisor, and continue to apply elsewhere: you should not take this as a sure thing by any means, nor should you be sure yourself. If there are other people there you are interested in working with, by all means contact them.

Good luck.

  • 18
    – user21820
    Sep 12, 2019 at 4:41
  • 4
    This is my research supervisor and I have come to love it. On the one hand, you get hilariously brief emails. On the other, he is an open book in person. He's 100% descriptive and kind in person, but he's bad at emailing. He doesn't even try Sep 13, 2019 at 2:47
  • 1
    Even in my short academic career I have encountered or heard from this style of communication rather often... After writing a long and detailed request to a professor to be my thesis supervisor the entire answer I got was: "ok to be your supervisor" (even lacking punctuation). Some profs just hate writing emails.
    – fgysin
    Sep 16, 2019 at 12:13

It means there was likely human error on the professor's part. The single word doesn't convey any message. Most likely explanations could be the professor replied to the wrong email, or accidentally pressed send before finishing his reply.

I'd suggest writing back and asking for clarification.

Edit: to answer your edit - you've asked for clarification and he comes back with another ambiguous answer. This isn't a good sign. If you're really, really keen to work with him I'd suggest writing back again asking if you should do anything next; otherwise I'd just assume he's not really interested and look elsewhere.

  • 4
    I did ask for clarification. I asked if I could look forward to a position in his group and he replied with "yes, you can", which I find kind of strange, because he didn't ask for any additional information or give any instruction. I don't know what I can make of this.
    – MNaz
    Sep 10, 2019 at 13:26
  • 10
    "How shall I proceed? Shall I come to visit you at a suitable time?" Sep 10, 2019 at 17:42
  • 6
    @CaptainEmacs: "Yes." Sep 12, 2019 at 21:51
  • @HenningMakholm "Ok". And move on. Sep 13, 2019 at 5:16
  • 1
    I'd avoid mixing open and closed questions like these "How shall I proceed? Shall I come to visit you at a suitable time?" Either go with open or with closed. "How shall I proceed?" cannot possibly receive a "Yes' answer or anything else unless the professor really goes out of his way to play a mind game on the student. If you then add a yes or no question you are the one bringing temptation to the table. I'd say with these kind of people the solution is to write equally short emails while minding the etiquette of course.
    – brett
    Sep 13, 2019 at 9:01

I wouldn't read it as a "no". But it might have been an automatic reply, given the timing. It probably has the same meaning as "Thanks for your interest". Your next step should probably be to ask how you can formally apply for a position. You can also explore, separately, the school's admission requirements.

But I would take it as a positive signal, not a negative one.


All you can conclude from this is that this professor does not give reasonable responses to e-mail.

How to proceed: not by e-mail. If it is feasible to visit him in person, that is ideal. If not, you could request a phone call to discuss further. Either way, your response should be very concise. "Great! Could we have a phone call this week to discuss? When would be a good time for you?"

If you succeed in getting a meeting, you can assess whether he would be a reasonable colleague from there. Conversely, if you cannot get a meeting after a reasonable amount of effort, it's probably better to walk away.

  • 1
    I wouldn't conclude "All you can conclude from this is that this professor does not give reasonable responses to e-mail. ". Maybe it was an automatically generated email, such as gmail gives you the option. Mistakes happen.
    – john
    Sep 12, 2019 at 16:48
  • 3
    Sending ambiguous, automatically-generated responses is entirely consistent with someone who "does not give reasonable responses to e-mail."
    – cag51
    Sep 13, 2019 at 1:08

It seems, especially from your comment that "I was hoping that they would advocate my admission", that you were hoping that based on a cold email the professor would go out of his way to help you. You mentioned two research areas and said that "I would like to know more about them." What were you hoping for here? That he would reply with a detailed explanation?

You asked if you could look forward to a position in his group, and he replied with "yes, you can". Here's one possible thing it might mean: "If you apply to my university, are accepted, enroll, pass your qualifying exams, and make a positive impression, then I would be happy to take you on as a student."

It is difficult to guess exactly what the professor meant. My best guess is that he wants to be encouraging, but is trying to steer you to "normal" channels: to apply to his university for admission using whatever standard procedure is in place, to read his papers if you find them interesting, and if you have any questions to ask them more directly.


I think "welcome" means he is happy to welcome you into his group. This is supported by the statement "yes, you can." Perhaps the professor is under the impression that you already have admission into the university and are simply looking for a guide.

If you want to work with the professor, you should email and ask how to proceed further. How should you apply, where do you get funding etc.


As others have noted, this is ambiguous and somewhat confidence-lowering.

In your next interaction, be sure to ask an open-ended question, not a polar yes-no one, and get a reply that is satisfying to you. Specifically you should really ask:

What are the next steps I should take?


Back in 2011, my roommate received similar email: 'yes plz aply' (with single p). He was disappointed, but still applied (was not admitted to that university though). I decided not to send any email to professors. We both applied through regular admission processes and got accepted.

Many years later, after several years in academia, I understand that this response does not mean anything. Well-known professors receive dozens of such emails, and have to save their time.

Just apply.


I would say that's a "No", and I would move on because this professor hadn't shown the signals which are sent from a typical "eager" professor to an applicant in whom she is interested. An interested professor often gets into details fast. Namely, she may: ask about the details of your research; show her curiosity about your background (which would be critical for your research) by asking about the related courses you have passed; ask about your potential funding resources to make up her mind about your needs to financial support. This list can be easily continued...

To my experience, if you look like the "right person" to a professor, she would not give you such kinds of short telegraphic responses encouraging you to pursue the way through official channels (The exception would be the professors affiliated with super famous schools in which the admissions are essentially committee-based). Professors are often competing with each other in attracting good students. So, if a professor finds someone who looks like a great fit to her requirements, she would try to show her interest. In fact some PIs often return to candidates by these kind of short not-so-expressive answers in favor of their institutions! In particular, if a professor is not in need of recruiting someone, she may not explicitly express her point. Instead, those kinds of short answers keep the applicant hopeful for basically nothing. Thus, he applies to that program thinking that those "welcome"s or "yes"s were positive signs toward success. But the whole point would be the application fee paid by the applicant; the money that would not be steered to the university's pocket if that PI had been clear to the applicant about the lack of any interest in his case.


1: received gladly into one's presence or companionship was always welcome in their home 2: giving pleasure : received with gladness or delight especially in response to a need a welcome relief 3: willingly permitted or admitted he was welcome to come and go — W. M. Thackeray 4—used in the phrase "You're welcome" as a reply to an expression of thanks


The fourth definition doesn't fit, as you didn't do anything for them. This leaves the other ones, which all are variations on "received gladly". Given just that response, the professor appears to be is admitting you into the position. It is rather ambiguous, especially since apparently there is more than one position, and it also indicates a low degree of selectivity. You certainly should get more clarification, but it appears to be a positive response.


On the basis of your edit, you should double check that you sent the emails to the correct address - confirm this by looking for the contact details of the professor on the department website.

If the email address on the professor's website and on the departmental website are different, try the other address and let the professor know that there may be an error on their website. If these are the same, there may be a phone number for the professor on the departmental website, which could be worth giving a ring.

Failing that, try emailing the department secretary (or local equivalent), say that you've been having trouble contacting the professor, and ask for their help, since the other methods of contact haven't worked satisfactorily.

  • 1
    The two email addresses are actually different, but they are both in the university domain. His page on the university website include's a link to his website where I got the email address and the signature looks legitimate. The lack of punctuation and capital letters is very off-putting, though. I think it would be pretty awkward if I reach him via the other email address and realize it was in fact him.
    – MNaz
    Sep 10, 2019 at 14:34
  • 2
    @MNaz: I wouldn’t treat the lack of punctuation and capitals as a red flag; I know several academics who write many of their emails in that style. It’s mostly a cultural/stylistic holdover from early days of email and the web, when it was a popular style within many online communities and a badge of a certain kind of insiderness.
    – PLL
    Sep 10, 2019 at 19:20

"What's the next step?"

Remember that question when interviewing for a "real" job. Don't wait for the professor to make the next move, take the initiative to push the process forward. At some point, you need his offer in writing in some form, I've had people verbally offer me jobs that were more about their wanting to work with me than their authority to hire me.

In grad school, I was offered 3 assistantships; the prof who gave me a payroll sign up form got me, "This education brought to you by a grant from Exxon Corp." Offers can come in strange forms!

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