Someone (call him Peter) contributed to part of a paper I've written. This occurred over the course of numerous emails (we've never met in person). I am including those results in the paper, and Peter is aware of this. I asked Peter multiple times to be coauthor but he never responded to that request. I'm ready to submit the paper now.

(1) Can I submit the paper? I should be able to add Peter as coauthor if he responds while the paper is being reviewed.

(2) Do I have to submit the paper with Peter's name, or can I submit with a a simple acknowledgement?

  • This has been asked in various guises on here, with all possible answers.
    – Solar Mike
    Jul 31, 2019 at 22:04
  • Did you send him the ms at any stage?
    – Alchimista
    Aug 1, 2019 at 9:46

1 Answer 1


The contributor has not meet all the requirements of ICJME (cf. This question of mine) since they have not presumably been part of the writing process. As you have given them the opportunity (assuming your emails went through) to participate, you have met your ethical requirements. That said, I would pick up the phone and call them and get a verbal confirmation.

  • 3
    I think you are over emphasizing the "writing process". But if the other person has never seen the paper, nor had an opportunity to revise or suggest revisions, then I would probably agree.
    – Buffy
    Jul 31, 2019 at 22:54

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