Within fields like animal behavior, data is often collected through observation of the subjects, either in the wild or captivity.
- Can a paper be published purely based on observational data, with no evidence in video or audio to support it?
- If so, could one (in theory) generate an entirely fictional dataset of observations as basis for a publication? Or do other mechanisms exist to prevent this kind of fraude from happening?
- Are there examples of publications, in animal behavior or other fields, being exposed for generating completely fictional datasets? If so, which?