I hope this question may fit this site:
My friends and I were having an argument based loosely on these two opposing views. One side claims that there is too much spending and financial backing by governments on research in non-applied areas. By "non-applied" I mean that given that we answer the question originally proposed there is no practical real-world application forthcoming from it. The example used most often was high-energy physics and the standard model.
The opposing view claims that the funding (by governments, but subtract defence costs for instance) for theoretical research is already comparatively low, taken against research in engineering or applied sciences.
How can we compare these claims? The closest source I found online is from the OECD:
These charts however do not break expenditure on natural sciences into subfields.
Also, please share opinions backed by some stats, please!