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I am a 5th year PhD student in Materials Engineering in the US. My research involved simulating a 3D printing process. I was able to publish 1 paper in my field related journals (IF around 2) and 3 more are in preparation. My performance could have been lot better but I was struggling to find a definite research direction in my first 2 years. I also wanted to learn new methodologies to create better models. My advisor did not have experience in my area of research, so I had to formulate questions and also had to look out for solutions when I got stuck.

Yes, I am ashamed about my PhD experience. I should have done many things differently. Yes, I should have worked harder. But, I really want to be in academia. And I don't have a good CV to support that. What should be my prime focus for the next 2 years and how can I make my CV attractive before I start applying for academic positions? Thanks.

  • Have you already graduated with a PhD? – henning Apr 25 at 9:34
  • No, I am submitting soon and will be defending by November this year. – Arzooi Apr 25 at 9:37
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    Just a small comment: A lot of people struggle with their PhD and think they could have done better (see, for example, all the questions on this site about the topic), so your CV might not be the worst around. Of course you can always improve it, but don't beat yourself down too much; if you are motivated and manage to finish your PhD, that is already good. – Dirk Apr 25 at 10:03
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    @Arzooi well then congratulations! That's nothing to be ashamed of. I think the first things you have to do is getting rid of your negative attitude and start patting yourself on the shoulder more often. – henning Apr 25 at 10:12
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Your feeling that you could/should have done more/better in your doctoral studies is, of course, completely valid and completely misguided, as it is true for just about everyone. Of course, you could/would have done more if you hadn't started the process as a novice, but rather as an experienced researcher.

You have a different perspective now, since you have gone through an extensive learning process and have gained skills that you didn't have a few years ago. That affects your judgement about what you are capable of. Yes, you are capable of quite a lot more now, but it is a mistake (logical, psychological,...) to project that back five years.

Your sense of "failure" would really only be valid if you now have the same naive views that you had five years ago. But if that were the case, you would actually be an imposter, but wouldn't have any way to recognize it.

This is classic imposter syndrome and many people at your stage suffer from it for exactly these reasons.

However, let me try to give some guidance on your question. First realize that the range of positions as an "academic" is very broad. Some of us are primarily teachers. Some primarily researchers with only a bit of teaching - mostly of very advanced students. There is a fairly smooth gradation between those extremes. So, first look at what sort of position you would like to hold. Then explore what such people do and what is considered valuable for such a position.

With that background, work to fill in your CV (and your experiences) that give you the expertise to do those things. If you want to be a researcher (my assumption, since you list post-doc as a tag) then you should work on getting things into the publication stream and also in building collaborative arrangements with other researchers in your field. Your advisor(s) can probably help you get "connected" to the wider research community as can attendance at conferences - especially as a presenter. But you can also get connected to other researchers just by serving on conference committees in some fields.

But "academic" is probably too broad a goal. Narrow it and then work to fit that narrower definition.

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