I have already read the relevant questions, but mine is really different;

I found an usefull information in a paper, it (basically) says for a specific case that "they use up to %60 more torque" but when i go to original source i saw that, in the original paper one of the values was "%63 torque", so i wrote, "they expend about %60 extra torque" and i couldn't give reference to secondary source, because it was wrong, and my sentence became different.

Just like that, a paper said that (just a part of it) "during walking on flat surface". However, when i open the original source, i saw that, original source says "for unrestrained walking" which means "during normal walking", so i couldn't give citation to secondary source for that sentence because i corrected a part of information.

Similarly another paper (briefly) said that "in that country 159.000 amputation occurs per year" but when i open the original source, i saw that it was 143.000 so; i write "in that country each year more than 140.000 limb loss occurs." so, i couldn't write reference to secondary source, because information became different. But sentence structures are similar i do not know, if it is plagirasim?

Note: please do not choose "dublicate" because my question is different, im correcting some missing or falsified information and i need a help about it. Is it correct to citing just original source, because secondary source reflects the information in different way/and i can not find that information in original source, so, i modify the information and i just cite the original source. Because at secondary source, information is a bit or more different (falsified or reflected secondary aouthor's interpretation)? (as i explained above)

Note2: For some of them, i use summary of secondary sources but i do correction for wrong parts or falsified numbers/interpretations. So i think it becomes my summary? i do not know where the drawline is, Thanks a lot,

  • I'm afraid that I'm having a hard time understanding what you are asking. Can you please try to organize your question a bit more? – jakebeal Apr 15 '19 at 22:03
  • Sorry, and thank you, i did a correction for my question, – Asking question Apr 15 '19 at 22:08
  • Please ask only one question at a time. The part about plagiarism is different. – Azor Ahai Apr 15 '19 at 22:32
  • @AzorAhai while you and I see the distinction, the fact that the OP does not, I think makes it an interesting question. – StrongBad Apr 16 '19 at 3:02
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    Possible duplicate of Citing, Secondary Source – Solar Mike Apr 16 '19 at 4:57

You are mixing up to different things. It sounds like you are copying the sentence structure of the secondary source. If this is the case, that is plagiarism. It doesn't matter if you cite the secondary source or not, as no one will know that the citation is referring to the sentence structure. The second issue is the facts. For these, you should be citing the primary source. You do not need to cite every source that has cited the primary source. It is generally much better to cite primary sources than secondary sources, because as you have discovered, things can get messy the further away from the primary source you go.

  • Thank you, so, is it considered copying sentence structure? (i have a weak english ability sorry about giving example); first sentence= "ampute people walking with active device consume up to % 60torque during walking on flat surface". second sentence=" About %60 extra torque is expended by a amputee person using active device during normal walking" ? is it sentence structure plagiarism ? (information is different by the way) – Asking question Apr 15 '19 at 22:46
  • @Askingquestion if you started with the original sentence and moved words around and replaced some words with other words, that sounds like bad practice and will eventually get you in trouble. If you read the first sentence, found the correct facts, and wrote the second sentence on your own, then that is perfect. – StrongBad Apr 15 '19 at 22:59
  • Thank you very much, the first sentence was belong to secondary source and i corrected false parts, and i wrote second one. And i gave citation to the original source. Thank you again – Asking question Apr 15 '19 at 23:03
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    When you ask whether a particular sentence is "far enough" from the original, this is the wrong question to ask in context of plagiarism. Essentially, if you would tell your friends this fact, how would you phrase it? Write that down, in your natural language and formulation (even if your English is not perfect), and then fine-tune towards more academic style if necessary. Don't take the original and tinker with it. You avoid plagiarism by thinking about content (and, of course, referencing the source of your facts). – Captain Emacs Apr 16 '19 at 9:14

The general norm is to cite the original source even if you find about it in another paper. For example, if you find about "some method" in paper B where they cited the paper A for that method, it is your responsibility to cite A and B both. That being said, before citing paper A, it is expected from researchers to confirm that what was cited in B was correct, and not blindly cite paper B.

In your example, you found a paper that said it was 60% torque but the paper they cited for that had 63% torque, so in this case it depends what you want to mention. If you mention 63% then go with the original source, but you mention 60% then go with the secondary and original both because you found about it in the secondary paper. But again, you have to make sure that secondary paper inferred the results of original paper correctly. And same for the other examples.

  • Thank you very much, so for example secondary says; 159.000 but i say they are more than 140.000 with other (or sometimes synonym or similar words like consume-exert) then, i cite original source as i describe in question. is it right? – Asking question Apr 15 '19 at 22:42
  • Yes, you would cite the original source but you would need to paraphrase to write in your own words. Do not copy paste. – cropgen Apr 15 '19 at 22:54
  • Thank you again, with the help of you and people who helped me in this website, my thesis becomes better and "safer" :) – Asking question Apr 15 '19 at 23:00

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